[ in-klood ]
See synonyms for: includeincludedincludesincluding on

verb (used with object),in·clud·ed, in·clud·ing.
  1. to contain, as a whole does parts or any part or element: The so-called “complete breakfast” in this ad included juice, milk, cereal, toast, eggs, and bacon.The anniversary edition of the game will include the expansion packs and DLC.

  2. to place in an aggregate, class, category, or the like: Please include me in any future discussions.Hawks and eagles are included in the family “Accipitridae.”

  1. to contain as a subordinate element; involve as a factor: Our comprehensive approach to health includes such aspects as resilience, resources, and quality of life.Schooling should include friendship, fun, and laughter, in addition to rigorous study.

Origin of include

First recorded in 1375–1425; late Middle English, from Latin inclūdere “to shut in,” equivalent to in- in-2 + -clūdere, combining form of claudere “to shut”; cf. close

synonym study For include

1. Include, comprehend, comprise, embrace imply containing parts of a whole. To include is to contain as a part or member, or among the parts and members, of a whole: The list includes many new names. To comprehend is to have within the limits, scope, or range of references, as either a part or the whole number of items concerned: The plan comprehends several projects. To comprise is to consist of, as the various parts serving to make up the whole: This genus comprises 50 species. Embrace emphasizes the extent or assortment of that which is included: The report embraces a great variety of subjects.

Other words for include

Opposites for include

Other words from include

  • in·clud·a·ble, in·clud·i·ble, adjective
  • pre·in·clude, verb (used with object), pre·in·clud·ed, pre·in·clud·ing.
  • re·in·clude, verb (used with object), re·in·clud·ed, re·in·clud·ing.
  • un·in·clud·a·ble, adjective
  • un·in·clud·i·ble, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use include in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for include


/ (ɪnˈkluːd) /

  1. to have as contents or part of the contents; be made up of or contain

  2. to add as part of something else; put in as part of a set, group, or category

  1. to contain as a secondary or minor ingredient or element

Origin of include

C15 (in the sense: to enclose): from Latin inclūdere to enclose, from in- ² + claudere to close

Derived forms of include

  • includable or includible, adjective

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012