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indusium

[in-doo-zee-uh m, -zhee-uh m, -dyoo-]
See more synonyms for indusium on Thesaurus.com
noun, plural in·du·si·a [in-doo-zee-uh, -zhee-uh, -dyoo-] /ɪnˈdu zi ə, -ʒi ə, -ˈdyu-/.
  1. Botany, Mycology. any of several structures having a netlike or skirtlike shape, as the membranous overgrowth covering the sori in ferns.
  2. Anatomy, Zoology.
    1. an enveloping layer or membrane.
    2. a thin layer of gray matter on the corpus callosum.
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Origin of indusium

1700–10; < New Latin; Latin: kind of tunic, perhaps < Greek éndys(is) dressing, dress (endý(ein) to put on + -sis -sis) + Latin -ium, for Greek -ion noun suffix
Related formsin·du·si·al, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for indusium

Historical Examples

  • The indusium arises from a vein to which the sorus is attached.

    How to Know the Ferns

    S. Leonard Bastin

  • Thus it is proper to describe the shape of the indusium as peltate.

    How to Know the Ferns

    S. Leonard Bastin

  • The sori are narrow, and when young are covered with an indusium.

    How to Know the Ferns

    S. Leonard Bastin

  • The sorus is circular and is covered with an indusium which is notched or kidney-shaped.

    How to Know the Ferns

    S. Leonard Bastin

  • The indusium is orbicular-reniform, and almost always smooth.

    Beautiful Ferns

    Daniel Cady Eaton


British Dictionary definitions for indusium

indusium

noun plural -sia (-zɪə)
  1. a membranous outgrowth on the undersurface of fern leaves that covers and protects the developing sporangia
  2. an enveloping membrane, such as the amnion
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Derived Formsindusial, adjective

Word Origin

C18: New Latin, from Latin: tunic, from induere to put on
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

indusium in Science

indusium

[ĭn-dōōzē-əm, -zhē-]
Plural indusia
  1. A thin membrane covering the sorus of a fern. The indusium often shrivels away when spores are ready to be dispersed. Also called fruitcover
  2. A cuplike structure fringed with hairs and located at the top of the style in flowers of the family Goodeniaceae (which includes the garden flowers lobelia and scaevola). Pollen is deposited into the indusium by the anthers of the same flower and, as the style grows, carried up for dispersal by pollinating insects.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.