inflation

[ in-fley-shuh n ]
/ ɪnˈfleɪ ʃən /

noun

Economics. a persistent, substantial rise in the general level of prices related to an increase in the volume of money and resulting in the loss of value of currency (opposed to deflation).
the act of inflating.
the state of being inflated.

Nearby words

  1. inflammatory rheumatism,
  2. inflatable,
  3. inflate,
  4. inflated,
  5. inflatedly,
  6. inflation theory,
  7. inflationary,
  8. inflationary gap,
  9. inflationary spiral,
  10. inflationary universe

Origin of inflation

1300–50; Middle English inflacio(u)n < Latin inflātiōn- (stem of inflātiō). See inflate, -ion

Related forms
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for inflation


British Dictionary definitions for inflation

inflation

/ (ɪnˈfleɪʃən) /

noun

the act of inflating or state of being inflated
economics a progressive increase in the general level of prices brought about by an expansion in demand or the money supply (demand-pull inflation) or by autonomous increases in costs (cost-push inflation)Compare deflation
informal the rate of increase of prices
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for inflation

inflation

n.

mid-14c., "swelling caused by gathering of 'wind' in the body; flatulence;" figuratively, "outbursts of pride," from Latin inflationem (nominative inflatio) "a puffing up; flatulence," noun of action from past participle stem of inflare "blow into, puff up," from in- "into" (see in- (2)) + flare "to blow" (see blow (v.1)). Monetary sense of "enlargement of prices" (originally by an increase in the amount of money in circulation) first recorded 1838 in American English.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for inflation

inflation

[ ĭn-flāshən ]

n.

Distention with a fluid or gas.
The act of distending an organ or body part with a fluid or gas.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Culture definitions for inflation

inflation

A general increase in prices.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.