Definition of inhibit
Origin of inhibit
synonym study for inhibit
OTHER WORDS FROM inhibitin·hib·it·a·ble, adjectivein·hib·i·to·ry [in-hib-i-tawr-ee], /ɪnˈhɪb ɪˌtɔr i/, in·hib·i·tive, adjectiveo·ver·in·hib·it, verb (used with object)un·in·hib·it·ing, adjective
Words nearby inhibit
INHIBIT VS. PROHIBIT
What’s the difference between inhibit and prohibit?
Prohibit most commonly means to forbid or disallow, but it can also mean what inhibit usually means—to prevent or hinder. Inhibit can also mean to forbid, but this use is much less common.
Prohibit is most commonly used in the context of rules, especially official ones like laws. The speed limit prohibits you from going above a certain speed. Parents might prohibit their kids from eating candy before dinner, but the word forbid is more commonly used in cases like this.
Inhibit, on the other hand, is usually used in the context of things that prevent or hinder what someone is trying to do. Speed bumps are designed to inhibit speeding. A leg injury can inhibit your ability to walk.
The meaning of prohibit and inhibit most often overlaps in cases when something is inhibited to the point of almost not being able to happen at all, as in This cast is designed to prohibit movement (prohibit could be replaced with inhibit in this sentence without much or any change in meaning).
The adjective form inhibited is often used to indicate that someone or something is held back from full potential. When it’s applied to a person, it usually involves a mental, emotional, or psychological block, as in I feel less inhibited around my new group of friends—they accept me for who I am.
The adjective prohibited describes something that’s forbidden, as in The sign lists all of the prohibited activities.
Here’s an example of inhibit and prohibit used correctly in the same sentence.
Example: To inhibit the acceleration of climate change, we must prohibit any increase in fossil fuel emissions.
Want to learn more? Read the full breakdown of the difference between inhibit and prohibit.
Quiz yourself on inhibit vs. prohibit!
Should inhibit or prohibit be used in the following sentence?
The school board adopted a new rule to _____ smoking anywhere on school grounds.
How to use inhibit in a sentence
T-cells struggle to get inside large masses of cancer cells, and even if they do, these tumors often produce proteins that inhibit the effectiveness of the T-cells.
“We’re excited because we need drugs that inhibit the virus directly,” Maldonado says.New treatments aim to treat COVID-19 early, before it gets serious|Tina Hesman Saey|August 24, 2020|Science News
A July 21 study in Cell Reports found that the drug can inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication in lab-grown monkey and human cells.How two coronavirus drugs for cats might help humans fight COVID-19|Erin Garcia de Jesus|August 11, 2020|Science News
The disorder, known as X-linked agammaglobulinemia, inhibits the body’s ability to make the antibodies called gamma globulins, resulting in severe infections even from fairly innocuous pathogens.Our Genes May Explain Severity of COVID-19 and Other Infections|Monique Brouillette|July 27, 2020|Quanta Magazine
Besides the reports out of China, two studies using computer simulations of coronavirus proteins predicted that famotidine might dock with and inhibit important viral enzymes called proteases that help the virus replicate.A popular heartburn medicine doesn’t work as a COVID-19 antiviral|Tina Hesman Saey|July 27, 2020|Science News
Studies have repeatedly shown that Plan B ok “does not inhibit implantation.”
If the technology works well, secrecy can inhibit its deployment.Is the Pentagon’s $55 Billion Stealth Bomber Too Big a Secret?|Bill Sweetman|September 22, 2014|DAILY BEAST
“Oil is antimicrobial and gets into the tissues of the mouth to inhibit bacterial growth,” says Caldecott.
Since the FDA approved Plan B in 1999, repeated studies have shown the drug does not inhibit implantation.
IUDs, also named in the Hobby Lobby and Conestoga suits, almost certainly can inhibit implantation.
If he does not inhibit or exclude from his mind the word “Petition” he can make no advance.Assimilative Memory|Marcus Dwight Larrowe (AKA Prof. A. Loisette)
The wine would cleanse and at least inhibit bacterial growth.Old-Time Makers of Medicine|James J. Walsh
You worked your way outward on this run, and the High Council didn't see fit to erase those memories or inhibit them.The Colors of Space|Marion Zimmer Bradley
By refraining from the physical expression, one may at least partially inhibit the emotion.
The public welfare requires that we inhibit our fighting impulses, except in cases of self-defense or war.
British Dictionary definitions for inhibit
- to prevent the occurrence of (a particular signal) in a circuit
- to prevent the performance of (a particular operation)