Biochemistry. any of various proteins, produced by virus-infected cells, that inhibit reproduction of the invading virus and induce resistance to further infection.
Also called al·pha-in·ter·fer·on [al-fuh-in-ter-feer-on] /ˈæl fəˌɪn tərˈfɪər ɒn/ .Pharmacology. an interferon produced by genetically engineered bacteria and harvested for use against hairy cell leukemia.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2024
How to use interferon in a sentence
In other people with severe disease, however, the body’s own immune responses disable interferons, a second study published online in Science the same day finds.Defects in early immune responses underlie some severe COVID-19 cases | Erin Garcia de Jesus | September 25, 2020 | Science News
On the other hand, patients who produce antibodies against interferon shouldn’t donate blood products for treating other patients.Covid-19 scientists flag key immune function as a turning point in life threatening cases | kdunn6 | September 25, 2020 | Fortune
Rhinovirus infections turned up activity of genes involved in the interferon response, preventing flu viruses from replicating in rhinovirus-infected cells, the researchers found.What will happen when COVID-19 and the flu collide this fall? | Tina Hesman Saey | September 18, 2020 | Science News
You’ve noted that interferons, molecules that help control the immune system, could make up other potential treatments.
The findings suggest that bolstering the body’s first line of defense against the virus using drugs known as interferons may help prevent severe illness.Rogue immune system reactions hint at an early treatment for COVID-19 | Tina Hesman Saey | August 6, 2020 | Science News
Or the time he smuggled the interferon through customs in a smoking briefcase full of dry ice.The True Story Behind Dallas Buyers Club: Meet the Real Ron Woodruff | Andrew Romano | November 3, 2013 | THE DAILY BEAST
British Dictionary definitions for interferon
biochem any of a family of proteins made by cells in response to virus infection that prevent the growth of the virus. Some interferons can prevent cell growth and have been tested for use in cancer therapy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Scientific definitions for interferon
Any of a group of glycoproteins that are involved in blocking viral replication in newly infected cells and are cytokines that modulate the body's immune response. Alpha interferon is used a treatment for viral hepatitis and certain cancers, such as leukemia. Beta interferon is used as a treatment for some types of multiple sclerosis.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for interferon
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.