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intimidate

[in-tim-i-deyt]
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verb (used with object), in·tim·i·dat·ed, in·tim·i·dat·ing.
  1. to make timid; fill with fear.
  2. to overawe or cow, as through the force of personality or by superior display of wealth, talent, etc.
  3. to force into or deter from some action by inducing fear: to intimidate a voter into staying away from the polls.
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Origin of intimidate

1640–50; < Medieval Latin intimidātus, past participle of intimidāre to make afraid, equivalent to Latin in- in-2 + timid(us) timid, afraid + -ātus -ate1
Related formsin·tim·i·da·tion, nounin·tim·i·da·tor, nounin·tim·i·da·to·ry [in-tim-i-duh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ɪnˈtɪm ɪ dəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/, adjectiveun·in·tim·i·dat·ed, adjectiveun·in·tim·i·dat·ing, adjective
Can be confusedintimate intimidate

Synonyms

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Synonym study

1. See discourage.

Antonyms

1. calm. 3. encourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

terrifieddauntedbrowbeatencowedbulliedafraid

Examples from the Web for intimidated

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Surely thou must fancy that I am to be intimidated by the ravings of a woman.

    Gomez Arias

    Joaqun Telesforo de Trueba y Coso

  • Gervaise was intimidated by this strange reception and felt uneasy.

    L'Assommoir

    Emile Zola

  • She was intimidated; she was a woman and she could not help herself.

  • Some they bought—some they ruined—some they intimidated—some they destroyed by calumny.

    Sir Jasper Carew

    Charles James Lever

  • Why were the poor men to be threatened, intimidated, bullied by armed force?

    Recollections

    David Christie Murray


British Dictionary definitions for intimidated

intimidate

verb (tr)
  1. to make timid or frightened; scare
  2. to discourage, restrain, or silence illegally or unscrupulously, as by threats or blackmail
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Derived Formsintimidating, adjectiveintimidation, nounintimidator, noun

Word Origin

C17: from Medieval Latin intimidāre, from Latin in- ² + timidus fearful, from timor fear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for intimidated

intimidate

v.

1640s, from Medieval Latin intimidatus, past participle of intimidare "to frighten, intimidate," from Latin in- "in" (see in- (2)) + timidus "fearful" (see timid). Related: Intimidated; intimidating.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper