Definition of ionic bond
Origin of ionic bond
Words nearby ionic bond
MORE ABOUT IONIC BOND
What is an ionic bond?
Everything in the universe is made of atoms, the smallest possible form of an element. Elements include substances like oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon. Atoms are made of a nucleus (a core or center) that contains particles called protons and outer shells made of electrons.
An atom always has an equal number of protons and electrons. However, atoms want to have an outermost shell that is completely full of electrons. It can do this by taking electrons from the shells of other atoms or by giving away electrons until it loses its outermost shell and a full inner shell takes its place.
For example, the sodium atom has an outer shell with only 1 electron, which it wants to get rid of. The chlorine atom has an outer shell with 7 electrons and only needs one more to fill its shell. So, the chlorine atom will take the sodium’s electron and both atoms are happy.
However, the sodium atom now has more protons than electrons. Because protons have a positive charge, the sodium atom now has a positive charge. The chlorine atom now has more electrons, which have a negative charge, than protons, so it now has a negative charge. As with magnets, positive and negative charges in atoms are attracted to each other. The charged sodium and chlorine atoms become attracted to each other and form a bond. This charged bond is known as an ionic bond.
By forming an ionic bond, the sodium and chlorine are not separate atoms anymore. They have formed a molecule, which is the name of a substance formed from the combination of atoms. In this case, the molecule that has been created is NaCl, known as sodium chloride or, more commonly, table salt.
Why is ionic bond important?
The first records of the term ionic bond come from around 1935. The term combines the word ionic, which describes electrically charged atoms, and bond, something that holds things together. Ionic bonds hold two atoms together using electrical charges. Actual ionic bonds are part of nature and have most likely existed as long as the universe itself has.
The electrically charged atoms that make up an ionic bond are known as ions, which is where the bond’s name ultimately comes from. The positively charged atom is called a cation, and a negatively charged atom is called an anion.
A substance made up of multiple molecules is known as a compound. A compound made from molecules linked by ionic bonds is called an ionic compound. There are many examples of ionic compounds, both created by nature and made by humans, such as table salt (NaCl), rock salt (CaCl2), toothpaste fluoride (NaF), and rust (Fe2O3).
Did you know … ?
Ionic bonds can be very strong or very weak, depending on the size and electrical strength of the ions that make them up. However, ionic bonds are almost always very weak in liquids or in solids that dissolve in water. This is because the atoms are free to move around and can split from each other if they are attracted to stronger charges.
What are real-life examples of ionic bond?
Ionic bonds are often one of the first things students learn about when studying chemistry.
i hate small talk, i wanna talk abt atoms, and molecules, and ionic bonds, pls help im failing chemistry
— riley rethal (@rileyrethaI) October 27, 2017
Q: What did the chemical agent say?
A: My name is Bond, Ionic Bond. Taken, not shared
— Bob Kostic (@causticbob) February 9, 2016
True or False?
An ionic bond is formed when two atoms share an electron.
How to use ionic bond in a sentence
But yes, I pictured a James Bond-type just sauntering over to her.‘Archer’ Creator Adam Reed Spills Season 6 Secrets, From Surreal Plotlines to Life Post-ISIS|Marlow Stern|January 8, 2015|DAILY BEAST
Failure to bond to their parents was the prominent reason children were being given away.
With no record and no warrants, he was given a four-figure bond by a judge the next morning.
Marriage is a bond and a commitment—marrying yourself is ridiculous because you are already married to yourself.Why Singles Should Say ‘I Don’t’ to The Self-Marriage Movement|Tim Teeman|December 30, 2014|DAILY BEAST
He was released within the hour without a bond on his own recognizance.
I have written to her, and to Mrs. Coningsby; and she is perfectly free: every bond is relinquished, but that of the heart.The Pastor's Fire-side Vol. 3 of 4|Jane Porter
The bond of marriage seemed an accursed thing, the mere slavery of women.The Unsolved Riddle of Social Justice|Stephen Leacock
Out of a dark porch, ten paces along Bond Street, appeared a burly figure to fall into step a few yards behind Gray.
A lingering hope was dispelled when, looking right and left along Bond Street, he failed to perceive the missing pair.
Ten paces along Bond Street he encountered a small, stooping figure which became detached from the shadows of a shop door.