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judiciary

[joo-dish-ee-er-ee, -dish-uh-ree]
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noun, plural ju·di·ci·ar·ies.
  1. the judicial branch of government.
  2. the system of courts of justice in a country.
  3. judges collectively.
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adjective
  1. pertaining to the judicial branch or system or to judges.
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Origin of judiciary

1580–90; orig. adj. < Latin jūdiciārius of the law courts, equivalent to jūdici(um) judgment (see judge) + -ārius -ary
Related formsju·di·ci·ar·i·ly, adverbsub·ju·di·ci·ar·y, adjective, noun, plural sub·ju·di·ci·ar·ies.
Can be confusedjudicial judiciary judicious (see synonym study at judicious)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for judiciary

judiciary

adjective
  1. of or relating to courts of law, judgment, or judges
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noun plural -aries
  1. the branch of the central authority in a state concerned with the administration of justiceCompare executive (def. 2), legislature
  2. the system of courts in a country
  3. the judges collectively; bench
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for judiciary

adj.

"relating to courts," early 15c., from Latin iudiciarius "of or belonging to a court of justice," from iudicium "judgment," from iudicem (see judge (v.)). The noun meaning "a body of judges, judges collectively" is from 1802 (judicature was used in this sense from 1590s).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper