kanamycin

[ kan-uh-mahy-sin ]
/ ˌkæn əˈmaɪ sɪn /

noun Pharmacology.

a broad-spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotic, C18H35N3O10, isolated from the Japanese soil bacterium Streptomyces kanamyceticus and used in the treatment of infections, especially those caused by Gram-negative bacilli.

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Origin of kanamycin

First recorded in 1955–60; from New Latin kana(mycēticus), the specific epithet of the genus, equivalent to Japanese kana- “golden,” from kane “gold” (from the color of the bacterial colonies) + New Latin myc(ēticus) “pertaining to a mushroom” + English -in; see origin at streptomyces, myco-, -in2

Words nearby kanamycin

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

British Dictionary definitions for kanamycin

kanamycin
/ (ˌkænəˈmaɪsɪn) /

noun

an aminoglycoside antibiotic obtained from the soil bacterium Streptomyces kanamyceticus, used in the treatment of various infections, esp those caused by Gram-negative bacteria. Formula: C 18 H 36 N 4 O 11

Word Origin for kanamycin

C20: from New Latin kanamyceticus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for kanamycin

kanamycin
[ kăn′ə-mīsĭn ]

n.

A water-soluble broad-spectrum antibiotic obtained from the soil bacterium Streptomyces kanamyceticus.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.