Origin of kurus

First recorded in 1880–85, kurus is from the Turkish word kuruş


[koo r-ooz]
noun (used with a plural verb)
  1. Kauravas.


[koo r-oo]
noun Pathology.
  1. a fatal degenerative disease of the central nervous system characterized by progressive lack of coordination and dementia, known only among certain Melanesian peoples, especially the Fore of New Guinea, and caused by a slow virus: now virtually extinct.

Origin of kuru

First recorded in 1955–60; < a dialect of Fore, a language of the Eastern Highlands District
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for kurus

Historical Examples of kurus

British Dictionary definitions for kurus


  1. a degenerative disease of the nervous system, restricted to certain tribes in New Guinea, marked by loss of muscular control and thought to be caused by a slow virus

Word Origin for kuru

C20: from a native name


noun plural -ruş
  1. a Turkish monetary unit worth one hundredth of a liraAlso: piastre

Word Origin for kuruş

from Turkish
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

kurus in Medicine


  1. A progressive, fatal spongiform encephalopathy, probably caused by a slow-acting virus, that is endemic to certain peoples of New Guinea and may be transmitted through cannibalism.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

kurus in Science


  1. A rare, progressive, degenerative neurological disease found in certain peoples of New Guinea and associated with cannibalism. It is thought to be caused by a prion and results in a fatal encephalopathy. See Note at prion.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.