lithification

[ lith-uh-fi-key-shuhn ]
/ ˌlɪθ ə fɪˈkeɪ ʃən /

noun Geology.

the process or processes by which unconsolidated materials are converted into coherent solid rock, as by compaction or cementation.

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What does “clement” mean?
Also called induration.

Origin of lithification

First recorded in 1870–75; lith- + -i- + -fication
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

British Dictionary definitions for lithification

lithification
/ (ˌlɪθɪfɪˈkeɪʃən) /

noun

the consolidation of a loosely deposited sediment into a hard sedimentary rock
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012