lozenge

[loz-inj]
See more synonyms for lozenge on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. a small, flavored tablet made from sugar or syrup, often medicated, originally diamond-shaped.
  2. Geometry Now Rare. diamond(def 8).
  3. Heraldry.
    1. a diamond-shaped charge.
    2. a diamond-shaped shield bearing the arms of a woman.

Origin of lozenge

1300–50; Middle English losenge < Middle French, Old French, perhaps < Gaulish *lausa flat stone + -enge < Germanic -inga -ing3
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for lozenge

capsule, pill, tablet, pastille, troche

Examples from the Web for lozenge

Historical Examples of lozenge


British Dictionary definitions for lozenge

lozenge

noun
  1. Also called: pastille, troche med a medicated tablet held in the mouth until it has dissolved
  2. geometry another name for rhombus
  3. heraldry a diamond-shaped charge

Word Origin for lozenge

C14: from Old French losange, of Gaulish origin; compare Vulgar Latin lausa flat stone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for lozenge
n.

figure having four equal sides and two acute and two obtuse angles, early 14c., from Old French losenge "windowpane, small square cake," etc., used for many flat quadrilateral things (Modern French losange). It has cognates in Spanish losanje, Catalan llosange, Italian lozanga. Probably from a pre-Roman Celtic language, perhaps Iberian *lausa or Gaulish *lausa "flat stone" (cf. Provençal lausa, Spanish losa, Catalan llosa, Portuguese lousa "slab, tombstone"), from a pre-Celtic language.

Originally in English a term in heraldry; meaning "small cake or tablet (originally diamond-shaped) of medicine and sugar, etc., meant to be held in the mouth and dissolved" is from 1520s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

lozenge in Medicine

lozenge

[lŏzĭnj]
n.
  1. A small, medicated candy intended to be dissolved slowly in the mouth to lubricate and soothe irritated tissues of the throat.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.