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mare1

[mair]
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noun
  1. a fully mature female horse or other equine animal.
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Origin of mare1

before 900; Middle English, variant of mere, Old English m(i)ere; cognate with Dutch merrie, German Mähre, Old Norse merr; akin to Old English mearh, Old Norse marr, Irish marc horse. See marshal
Can be confusedmare mayor

mare2

[mair]
noun Obsolete.
  1. nightmare(def 3).
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Origin of mare2

before 900; Middle English, Old English; cognate with German Mahre, Old Norse mara. See nightmare

mare3

[mahr-ey, mair-ee]
noun, plural ma·ri·a [mahr-ee-uh, mair-] /ˈmɑr i ə, ˈmɛər-/. Astronomy.
  1. any of the several large, dark plains on the moon and Mars: Galileo believed that the lunar features were seas when he first saw them through a telescope.
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Origin of mare3

1680–90; < Latin: sea

Sirenum

[si-ree-nuh m]
noun
  1. Mare. Mare Sirenum.
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Mar.E.

  1. Marine Engineer.
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mare nostrum

[mah-re nohs-troo m; English mair-ee nos-truh m, mahr-ey]
noun Latin.
  1. our sea, especially the Mediterranean to the ancient Romans.
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de la Mare

[duh luh mair, del-uh mair]
noun
  1. Walter (John),1873–1956, English poet, novelist, playwright, and short-story writer.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for mare

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • We went back and found Taylor's mare, and brought her slowly to camp.

  • And he brought the mare to a halt by jerking the rope around her neck.

  • "As she's my mare, perhaps I might have the privilege," said Dick.

    Viviette

    William J. Locke

  • And the next day he took his first real ride on the back of the mare.

  • If he were allowed to stretch out after the mare, what would the result be?


British Dictionary definitions for mare

mare1

noun
  1. the adult female of a horse or zebra
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Word Origin

C12: from Old English, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German mariha, Old Norse merr mare

mare2

noun plural maria (ˈmɑːrɪə)
  1. (capital when part of a name) any of a large number of huge dry plains on the surface of the moon, visible as dark markings and once thought to be seas: Mare Imbrium (Sea of Showers)
  2. a similar area on the surface of Mars, such as Mare Sirenum
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Word Origin

from Latin: sea

de la Mare

noun
  1. Walter (John). 1873–1956, English poet and novelist, noted esp for his evocative verse for children. His works include the volumes of poetry The Listeners and Other Poems (1912) and Peacock Pie (1913) and the novel Memoirs of a Midget (1921)
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mare nostrum

noun
  1. the Latin name for the Mediterranean
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Word Origin

literally: our sea
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for mare

n.1

"female horse," Old English mere (Mercian), myre (West Saxon), fem. of mearh "horse," from Proto-Germanic *markhjon- (cf. Old Saxon meriha, Old Norse merr, Old Frisian merrie, Dutch merrie, Old High German meriha, German Mähre "mare"), said to be of Gaulish origin (cf. Irish and Gaelic marc, Welsh march, Breton marh "horse"). No known cognates beyond Germanic and Celtic. As the name of a throw in wrestling, it is attested from c.1600. Mare's nest "illusory discovery, excitement over something which does not exist" is from 1610s.

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n.2

"broad, dark areas of the moon," 1765, from Latin mare "sea" (see marine), applied to lunar features by Galileo and used thus in 17c. Latin works. They originally were thought to be actual seas.

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n.3

"night-goblin, incubus," Old English mare "incubus, nightmare, monster," from mera, mære, from Proto-Germanic *maron "goblin" (cf. Middle Low German mar, Middle Dutch mare, Old High German mara, German Mahr "incubus," Old Norse mara "nightmare, incubus"), from PIE *mora- "incubus" (cf. first element in Old Irish Morrigain "demoness of the corpses," literally "queen of the nightmare," also Bulgarian, Serbian mora, Czech mura, Polish zmora "incubus;" French cauchemar, with first element from Old French caucher "to trample"), from root *mer- "to rub away, harm" (see morbid).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

mare in Science

mare

[märā]
Plural maria (rē-ə)
  1. Any of the large, low-lying dark areas on the Moon or on Mars or other inner planets. The lunar maria are believed to consist of volcanic basalts, and many are believed to be basins formed initially by large impacts with meteoroids and later filled with lava flows. Compare terra.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.