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meningitis

[men-in-jahy-tis]
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noun Pathology.
  1. inflammation of the meninges, especially of the pia mater and arachnoid, caused by a bacterial or viral infection and characterized by high fever, severe headache, and stiff neck or back muscles.
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Origin of meningitis

From New Latin, dating back to 1820–30; see origin at meninges, -itis
Related formsmen·in·git·ic [men-in-jit-ik] /ˌmɛn ɪnˈdʒɪt ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for meningitis

meningitis

noun
  1. inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain or spinal cord, caused by infection
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Derived Formsmeningitic (ˌmɛnɪnˈdʒɪtɪk), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for meningitis

n.

"inflammation of the meninges," 1825, coined from Modern Latin meninga, from Greek meninx (genitive meningos) "membrane," in medical Latin especially that of the brain (see member) + -itis "disease." Related: Meningitic.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

meningitis in Medicine

meningitis

(mĕn′ĭn-jītĭs)
n. pl. men•in•git•i•des (-jĭtĭ-dēz′)
  1. Inflammation of the meninges of the brain and the spinal cord, most often the result of a bacterial or viral infection and characterized by fever, vomiting, intense headache, and stiff neck.
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Related formsmen′in•gitic (-jĭtĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

meningitis in Science

meningitis

[mĕn′ĭn-jītĭs]
  1. Inflammation of the meninges of the brain and the spinal cord, usually resulting from a bacterial or viral infection and often characterized by fever, vomiting, an intense headache, and a stiff neck.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

meningitis in Culture

meningitis

[(men-in-jeye-tis)]

Inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord, most often resulting from a bacterial or viral infection.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.