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midrash

[ Sephardic Hebrew mee-drahsh; Ashkenazic Hebrew mi-drahsh ]
/ Sephardic Hebrew miˈdrɑʃ; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˈmɪ drɑʃ /
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noun, plural mid·ra·shim [Sephardic Hebrew mee-drah-sheem; Ashkenazic Hebrew mi-draw-shim], /Sephardic Hebrew mi drɑˈʃim; Ashkenazic Hebrew mɪˈdrɔ ʃɪm/, mid·ra·shoth, mid·ra·shot, mid·ra·shos [Sephardic Hebrew mee-drah-shawt; Ashkenazic Hebrew mi-draw-shohs]. /Sephardic Hebrew mi drɑˈʃɔt; Ashkenazic Hebrew mɪˈdrɔ ʃoʊs/.

an early Jewish interpretation of or commentary on a Biblical text, clarifying or expounding a point of law or developing or illustrating a moral principle.
(initial capital letter) a collection of such interpretations or commentaries, especially those written in the first ten centuries a.d.

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Origin of midrash

First recorded in 1605–15, midrash is from the Hebrew word midrāsh literally, exposition
mid·rash·ic [mid-rash-ik], /mɪdˈræʃ ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for midrash

midrash
/ (ˈmɪdræʃ, Hebrew miˈdraʃ) /

noun plural midrashim (mɪˈdrɔʃɪm, Hebrew midraˈʃim) Judaism

a homily on a scriptural passage derived by traditional Jewish exegetical methods and consisting usually of embellishment of the scriptural narrative
one of a number of collections of such homilies composed between 400 and 1200 ad
midrashic (mɪdˈræʃɪk), adjective
C17: from Hebrew: commentary, from darash to search
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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