- the separating of any material or abstract entity into its constituent elements (opposed to synthesis).
- this process as a method of studying the nature of something or of determining its essential features and their relations: the grammatical analysis of a sentence.
- a presentation, usually in writing, of the results of this process: The paper published an analysis of the political situation.
- a philosophical method of exhibiting complex concepts or propositions as compounds or functions of more basic ones.
- an investigation based on the properties of numbers.
- the discussion of a problem by algebra, as opposed to geometry.
- the branch of mathematics consisting of calculus and its higher developments.
- a system of calculation, as combinatorial analysis or vector analysis.
- a method of proving a proposition by assuming the result and working backward to something that is known to be true.Compare synthesis(def 4).
- intentionally produced decomposition or separation of materials into their ingredients or elements, as to find their kind or quantity.
- the ascertainment of the kind or amount of one or more of the constituents of materials, whether obtained in separate form or not.Compare qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis.
- Computers. systems analysis.
Origin of analysis
- the division of a physical or abstract whole into its constituent parts to examine or determine their relationship or valueCompare synthesis (def. 1)
- a statement of the results of this
- short for psychoanalysis
- the decomposition of a substance into its elements, radicals, or other constituents in order to determine the kinds of constituents present (qualitative analysis) or the amount of each constituent (quantitative analysis)
- the result obtained by such a determination
- linguistics the use of word order together with word function to express syntactic relations in a language, as opposed to the use of inflectionsCompare synthesis (def. 4)
- maths the branch of mathematics principally concerned with the properties of functions, largely arising out of calculus
- philosophy (in the writings of Kant) the separation of a concept from another that contains itCompare synthesis (def. 6a)
- in the last analysis, in the final analysis or in the ultimate analysis after everything has been given due consideration
Word Origin and History for mis-analysis
1580s, "resolution of anything complex into simple elements" (opposite of synthesis), from Medieval Latin analysis (15c.), from Greek analysis "a breaking up, a loosening, releasing," noun of action from analyein "unloose, release, set free; to loose a ship from its moorings," in Aristotle, "to analyze," from ana "up, throughout" (see ana-) + lysis "a loosening," from lyein "to unfasten" (see lose). Psychological sense is from 1890. Phrase in the final (or last) analysis (1844), translates French en dernière analyse.
- The separation of a whole into its constituent parts for individual study.
- The separation of a substance into its constituent elements to determine either their nature or proportions.
- The stated findings of such a separation or determination.
- The separation of a substance into its constituent elements, usually by chemical means, for the study and identification of each component.♦ Qualitative analysis determines what substances are present in a compound.♦ Quantitative analysis determines how much of each substance is present in a compound.
- A branch of mathematics concerned with limits and convergence and principally involving differential calculus, integral calculus, sequences, and series.