[ mit-i-geyt ]
/ ˈmɪt ɪˌgeɪt /
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verb (used with object), mit·i·gat·ed, mit·i·gat·ing.
to lessen in force or intensity, as wrath, grief, harshness, or pain; moderate.
to make less severe: to mitigate a punishment.
Environmental Science. to restore or recreate (a habitat) in order to make up for losses due to development or agriculture: No one has tried anything on this scale before to mitigate the grasslands bird habitat.
verb (used without object), mit·i·gat·ed, mit·i·gat·ing.
to become milder; lessen in severity.
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Origin of mitigate
First recorded in 1375–1425; late Middle English mitigaten, from Latin mītigātus (past participle of mītigāre “to calm, soften, soothe”), equivalent to mīt(is) “mild, soft, gentle” + -ig- (combining form of agere “to do, cause to do, make”) + -ātus verb suffix; see -ate1
words often confused with mitigate
Mitigate, whose central meaning is “to lessen” or “to make less severe,” is sometimes confused with militate, which means “to have effect or influence; weigh on.” This mix-up often occurs in the use of the phrase mitigate against, as follows: This criticism in no way mitigates (read militates ) against your going ahead with your research. Although this use of mitigate occasionally occurs in edited writing, it is rare and is widely regarded as an error.
OTHER WORDS FROM mitigate
mit·i·ga·ble [mit-i-guh-buhl], /ˈmɪt ɪ gə bəl/, adjectivemit·i·ga·tion [mit-i-gey-shuhn], /ˌmɪt ɪˈgeɪ ʃən/, nounmit·i·ga·tor, nouno·ver·mit·i·gate, verb, o·ver·mit·i·gat·ed, o·ver·mit·i·gat·ing.
WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH mitigatemilitate, mitigate (see confusables note at the current entry)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use mitigate in a sentence
I realize there’s an obvious way to mitigate the unpleasantness of summer running, but I am what might pretentiously be called a morning runner manqué.The Sublime Agony of Hot-Weather Running|Martin Fritz Huber|August 27, 2020|Outside Online
Quantum computing engineers can deploy error-correction mechanisms that can help mitigate these effects, but currently they are too slow to catch up with radiation-induced qubit decoherence.Cosmic rays could pose a problem for future quantum computers|Neel Patel|August 26, 2020|MIT Technology Review
“While every activity outside the home carries risks, these additional measures can help to mitigate them,” she added.
However, three factors could mitigate the convention bounce this year.How FiveThirtyEight’s 2020 Presidential Forecast Works — And What’s Different Because Of COVID-19|Nate Silver (firstname.lastname@example.org)|August 12, 2020|FiveThirtyEight
Once the issue was identified, it was promptly fixed by our Site Reliability Engineers and by now it has been mitigated.A Google Search bug wreaked havoc on the search results Monday night|Barry Schwartz|August 11, 2020|Search Engine Land
British Dictionary definitions for mitigate
/ (ˈmɪtɪˌɡeɪt) /
to make or become less severe or harsh; moderate
Derived forms of mitigatemitigable (ˈmɪtɪɡəbəl), adjectivemitigation, nounmitigative or mitigatory, adjectivemitigator, noun
Word Origin for mitigate
C15: from Latin mītigāre, from mītis mild + agere to make
usage for mitigate
Mitigate is sometimes wrongly used where militate is meant: his behaviour militates (not mitigates) against his chances of promotion
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012