[ tem-per ]
/ ˈtɛm pər /


verb (used with object)

verb (used without object)

to be or become tempered.

Nearby words

  1. temp.,
  2. tempe,
  3. tempe, vale of,
  4. tempeh,
  5. tempelhof,
  6. temper color,
  7. temper tantrum,
  8. tempera,
  9. temperament,
  10. temperamental

Origin of temper

before 1000; (v.) Middle English tempren, Old English temprian < Latin temperāre to divide or proportion duly, temper; (noun) Middle English: proportion, derivative of the v.

Related forms

Synonym study

1. See disposition. 10. See modify.

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for temper

British Dictionary definitions for temper


/ (ˈtɛmpə) /


verb (tr)

Derived Formstemperable, adjectivetemperability, nountemperer, noun

Word Origin for temper

Old English temprian to mingle, (influenced by Old French temprer), from Latin temperāre to mix, probably from tempus time

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for temper
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for temper


[ tĕmpər ]


A state of mind or emotions; mood.
A tendency to become easily angry or irritable.
An outburst of rage.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with temper


see hold one's temper; lose one's temper.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.