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mortify

[mawr-tuh-fahy]
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verb (used with object), mor·ti·fied, mor·ti·fy·ing.
  1. to humiliate or shame, as by injury to one's pride or self-respect.
  2. to subjugate (the body, passions, etc.) by abstinence, ascetic discipline, or self-inflicted suffering.
  3. Pathology. to affect with gangrene or necrosis.
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verb (used without object), mor·ti·fied, mor·ti·fy·ing.
  1. to practice mortification or disciplinary austerities.
  2. Pathology. to undergo mortification; become gangrened or necrosed.
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Origin of mortify

1350–1400; Middle English mortifien < Middle French mortifier < Late Latin mortificāre “to put to death,” equivalent to Latin morti- (stem of mors) “death” + -ficāre -fy
Related formsmor·ti·fied·ly, adverbmor·ti·fi·er, nounmor·ti·fy·ing·ly, adverbpre·mor·ti·fy, verb (used with object), pre·mor·ti·fied, pre·mor·ti·fy·ing.un·mor·ti·fied, adjective

Synonyms for mortify

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Synonym study

1. See ashamed.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for mortifying

annoy, disgrace, subdue, displease, chagrin, deflate, confound, vex, humiliate, control, discomfit, deny, ridicule, affront, chasten, belittle, humble, harass, crush, shame

Examples from the Web for mortifying

Contemporary Examples of mortifying

Historical Examples of mortifying

  • This sentence was as humiliating and mortifying as anything that could be put upon him.

  • A union between a musician and my daughter would be most mortifying to me.

    The Fifth String  

    John Philip Sousa

  • And yet how mortifying is the very suspicion of inattention and disrespect.

    The English Spy

    Bernard Blackmantle

  • She was a sensitive woman, and there was much that was mortifying in her position.

    Girls and Women

    Harriet E. Paine (AKA E. Chester}

  • It is easy to understand how mortifying this condition was to Hudson.


British Dictionary definitions for mortifying

mortify

verb -fies, -fying or -fied
  1. (tr) to humiliate or cause to feel shame
  2. (tr) Christianity to subdue and bring under control by self-denial, disciplinary exercises, etc
  3. (intr) to undergo tissue death or become gangrenous
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Derived Formsmortifier, nounmortifying, adjectivemortifyingly, adverb

Word Origin for mortify

C14: via Old French from Church Latin mortificāre to put to death, from Latin mors death + facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for mortifying

mortify

v.

late 14c., "to kill," from Old French mortefiier "destroy, overwhelm, punish," from Late Latin mortificare "cause death, kill, put to death," literally "make dead," from mortificus "producing death," from Latin mors (genitive mortis) "death" (see mortal (adj.)) + root of facere "to make" (see factitious). Religious sense of "to subdue the flesh by abstinence and discipline" first attested early 15c. Sense of "humiliate" first recorded 1690s (cf. mortification). Related: Mortified; mortifying.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

mortifying in Medicine

mortify

(môrtə-fī′)
v.
  1. To undergo mortification; to become gangrenous or to necrotize.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.