mufti

[ muhf-tee ]
/ ˈmʌf ti /

noun, plural muf·tis.

civilian clothes, in contrast with military or other uniforms, or as worn by a person who usually wears a uniform.
a Muslim jurist expert in the religious law.
(in the Ottoman Empire) a deputy of the chief Muslim legal adviser to the Sultan.
(initial capital letter) Grand Mufti.

Origin of mufti

First recorded in 1580–90, mufti is from the Arabic word muftī literally, a person who delivers a judgment, originally a Muslim legal adviser; sense of def. 1 arises from the legal adviser being a civil official
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for mufti

British Dictionary definitions for mufti (1 of 2)

mufti

1
/ (ˈmʌftɪ) /

noun plural -tis

a Muslim legal expert and adviser on the law of the Koran
(in the former Ottoman empire) the leader of the religious community

Word Origin for mufti

C16: from Arabic muftī, from aftā to give a (legal) decision

British Dictionary definitions for mufti (2 of 2)

mufti

2
/ (ˈmʌftɪ) /

noun plural -tis

civilian dress, esp as worn by a person who normally wears a military uniform

Word Origin for mufti

C19: perhaps from mufti 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for mufti

mufti


n.

1580s, muphtie "official head of the state religion in Turkey," from Arabic mufti "judge," active participle of afta "to give," conjugated form of fata "he gave a (legal) decision" (cf. fatwa). Sense of "ordinary clothes (not in uniform)" is from 1816, of unknown origin, perhaps from mufti's costume of robes and slippers in stage plays, which was felt to resemble plain clothes.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper