[ nuh-frahy-tis ]
/ nəˈfraɪ tɪs /

noun Pathology.

inflammation of the kidneys, especially in Bright's disease.

Origin of nephritis

1570–80; < Late Latin nephrītis a disease of the kidneys < Greek nephrîtis. See nephr-, -itis
Related forms Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for nephritis

British Dictionary definitions for nephritis


/ (nɪˈfraɪtɪs) /


inflammation of a kidney
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for nephritis



1570s, from Late Latin nephritis, from Greek nephritis "disease of the kidneys," from nephros "kidney" (see nephron) + -itis "inflammation." Related: Nephritic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for nephritis


[ nə-frītĭs ]

n. pl. ne•phri•tis•es

Acute or chronic inflammation of the kidneys.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for nephritis


[ nə-frītĭs ]

Inflammation of the kidneys.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.