• synonyms


noun Pathology.
  1. inflammation of the kidneys, especially in Bright's disease.
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Origin of nephritis

1570–80; < Late Latin nephrītis a disease of the kidneys < Greek nephrîtis. See nephr-, -itis
Related formsne·phrit·ic [nuh-frit-ik] /nəˈfrɪt ɪk/, adjectivenon·ne·phrit·ic, adjectivepost·ne·phrit·ic, adjectivepre·ne·phrit·ic, adjectiveun·ne·phrit·ic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for nephritis

Historical Examples

  • It is high in fevers and in parenchymatous forms of nephritis.

    A Manual of Clinical Diagnosis

    James Campbell Todd

  • It is used in certain cases of nephritis when edema is present.

    Dietetics for Nurses

    Fairfax T. Proudfit

  • Meat, however, must not be given until all danger from nephritis has passed.

    Dietetics for Nurses

    Fairfax T. Proudfit

  • It is distinguished from nephritis, or inflammation of the kidneys, by the pain being aggravated on stooping.

  • If the irritation of the kidney goes on to active inflammation, then the symptoms of nephritis are added.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse

    United States Department of Agriculture

British Dictionary definitions for nephritis


  1. inflammation of a kidney
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for nephritis


1570s, from Late Latin nephritis, from Greek nephritis "disease of the kidneys," from nephros "kidney" (see nephron) + -itis "inflammation." Related: Nephritic.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

nephritis in Medicine


n. pl. ne•phri•tis•es
  1. Acute or chronic inflammation of the kidneys.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

nephritis in Science


  1. Inflammation of the kidneys.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.