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neuron

[noo r-on, nyoo r-]
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noun
  1. Cell Biology. a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
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Also especially British, neu·rone [noo r-ohn, nyoo r-] /ˈnʊər oʊn, ˈnyʊər-/.
Compare synapse.

Origin of neuron

First recorded in 1880–85, neuron is from the Greek word neûron sinew, cord, nerve
Also called nerve cell.
Related formsneu·ron·al [noo r-uh-nl, nyoo r-, noo-rohn-l, nyoo-] /ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for neurone

Historical Examples

  • Association is the result of habit working in neurone groups.

    The Mind and Its Education

    George Herbert Betts

  • Thus it is seen that the neurone is, in its development as in its work, a unit.

    The Mind and Its Education

    George Herbert Betts

  • Physiologically stated, free attention is given when a neurone series which is ready to act is called into activity.

    How to Teach

    George Drayton Strayer and Naomi Norsworthy

  • Forced attention is necessary when the neurone tracts used by the attention are for some reason unready to act.

    How to Teach

    George Drayton Strayer and Naomi Norsworthy

  • The neurone groups controlling the instincts hold a middle place.

    How to Teach

    George Drayton Strayer and Naomi Norsworthy


British Dictionary definitions for neurone

neurone

neuron (ˈnjʊərɒn)

noun
  1. a specialized cell that conducts nerve impulses: consists of a cell body, axon, and dendritesAlso called: nerve cell
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Derived Formsneuronal, adjectiveneuronic (njʊˈrɒnɪk), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for neurone

neuron

n.

"a nerve cell with appendages," 1891, from German Neuron, from Greek neuron (see neuro-). Used earlier (1884) for "the spinal cord and brain."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

neurone in Medicine

neuron

(nurŏn′)
n.
  1. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.nerve cell neurocyte
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

neurone in Science

neuron

[nurŏn′]
  1. A cell of the nervous system. Neurons typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called nerve cell
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.