[noo r-oh-sahy-uh ns, nyoo r-]
  1. the field of study encompassing the various scientific disciplines dealing with the structure, development, function, chemistry, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system.

Origin of neuroscience

First recorded in 1960–65; neuro- + science
Related formsneu·ro·sci·en·tif·ic, adjectiveneu·ro·sci·en·tist, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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Contemporary Examples of neuroscience

British Dictionary definitions for neuroscience


  1. the study of the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology of the nervous system
Derived Formsneuroscientist, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for neuroscience

1963, from neuro- + science.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

neuroscience in Medicine


  1. Any of the sciences, such as neuroanatomy and neurobiology, that deal with the nervous system.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.