- a rapidly spreading virus-induced disease of birds and domestic fowl, as chickens, marked by respiratory difficulty, reduced egg production and, in chicks, paralysis.
Origin of Newcastle disease
after Newcastle-upon-Tyne, near which the disease was first reported in 1927
Also called avian pneumoencephalitis.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- an acute viral disease of birds, esp poultry, characterized by pneumonia and inflammation of the central nervous system
C20: named after Newcastle upon Tyne, where it was recorded in 1926
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012