- a rapidly spreading virus-induced disease of birds and domestic fowl, as chickens, marked by respiratory difficulty, reduced egg production and, in chicks, paralysis.
Origin of Newcastle disease
after Newcastle-upon-Tyne, near which the disease was first reported in 1927
Also called avian pneumoencephalitis.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- an acute viral disease of birds, esp poultry, characterized by pneumonia and inflammation of the central nervous system
C20: named after Newcastle upon Tyne, where it was recorded in 1926