Words nearby Ninth Amendment
What is the Ninth Amendment?
The Constitution of the United States is the document that serves as the fundamental law of the country. An amendment is a change to something. An amendment to the Constitution is any text added to the original document since its ratification in 1788. The Constitution has been amended 27 times in American history.
The Ninth Amendment reads:
“The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.”
The most common interpretation of the Ninth Amendment is that it says just because a right is not specifically mentioned in the Constitution doesn’t mean that American citizens don’t have that right. However, the amendment doesn’t say what those other unmentioned rights are.
Because of the vague wording, the Ninth Amendment has been seen as a puzzle, even by Supreme Court justices, who are tasked with enforcing it. For example, Justice Robert H. Jackson referred to the Ninth Amendment as a “mystery.”
As a result, the Ninth Amendment has not been involved in a lot of Supreme Court cases. Its most common interpretation has been motivated by the case of Griswold v. Connecticut (1965). In that case, Justice Arthur Goldberg stated in his concurring opinion that the fundamental right to privacy was protected by the Ninth Amendment even though it is not specifically mentioned anywhere in the Constitution. However, in his dissenting opinion, Justice Potter Stewart accused Goldberg of “turn[ing] somersaults with history” by citing the Ninth Amendment in the case.
The meaning of the Ninth Amendment continues to be debated today. It has never been central to any Supreme Court decision and is unlikely to be until the Court makes a definite ruling on its exact meaning.
Why is Ninth Amendment important?
The Ninth Amendment is one of 10 amendments included in the Bill of Rights, a set of 10 amendments added to the Constitution almost immediately after that document was put into law. On December 15, 1791, the Bill of Rights was ratified by the required three-fourths of the state legislatures and added to the Constitution.
Historically, the purpose behind the inclusion of the Ninth Amendment has been much clearer than its meaning. When drafting the Constitution, supporters of a strong federal government, known as Federalists, believed a Bill of Rights was unnecessary. They believed that any rights or powers not mentioned in the Constitution obviously belonged to the states and their citizens. They argued that listing specific rights that citizens had implied that any unmentioned rights were surrendered and could be ignored by the government.
The Anti-Federalists, who wanted a limited national government, strongly disagreed. They demanded a Bill of Rights that would set in law certain rights that the government could never infringe on. The Ninth Amendment, then, acted as a sort of compromise between the two groups: The Anti-Federalists got their Bill of Rights while guaranteeing citizens (and the Federalists) that the rights mentioned in the Constitution were not the only ones they had.
Did you know … ?
The Bill of Rights, including the Ninth Amendment, was proposed by future president James Madison. Madison’s original version of the Ninth Amendment was longer, but it was shortened by the Congressional committee, which eventually submitted the amendments to be added in the Bill of Rights.
What are real-life examples of Ninth Amendment?
This picture shows a recreation of the Bill of Rights, the document in which the Ninth Amendment is found. The actual Bill of Rights is kept in the National Archives.
To many, the most notable thing about the Ninth Amendment is how vague it is.
Trick questions for prez debate:
1. Can you name all of your grandchildren and their ages?
2. What is protected by the Ninth Amendment?
— LinerElaine (@LinerElaine) August 28, 2020
I mean, I hate the circumstances but I love that we’re all talking about Griswold v. Connecticut again. Goldberg trying to make the Ninth amendment happen is my favorite moment in the history of American Jurisprudence.
— Guy Branum (@guybranum) October 14, 2020
What other words are related to Ninth Amendment?
True or False?
According to the most common interpretation, the Ninth Amendment says that citizens have additional protected rights that aren’t specifically mentioned in the Constitution.
How to use Ninth Amendment in a sentence
The Eighty-ninth Congress was potentially more fertile ground for the broad range of controversial programs on his dream agenda.
Open-carry activists are known for baiting cops into on-camera arguments about the Second Amendment and state laws.Texas Gun Slingers Police the Police—With a Black Panthers Tactic|Brandy Zadrozny|January 2, 2015|DAILY BEAST
That makes New York the ninth state to require such coverage.The Insurance Company Promised a Gender Reassignment. Then They Made a Mistake.|James Joiner|December 29, 2014|DAILY BEAST
They would not, for example, supersede federal law regarding the Establishment Clause in the First Amendment.
I know the verse because Mrs. Bertalan used to have us do it in ninth-grade choir.
He directed the Ninth Symphony, and played twice himself with orchestral accompaniments.Music-Study in Germany|Amy Fay
Methodius and Cyril, who were sent missionaries to the Sclavonians in the ninth century.
Consequently an amendment may be made diminishing the weekly allowance to a member who is sick, and also the time of allowing it.
Its most important compound is water, of which it forms one-ninth, the other eight-ninths consisting of oxygen.Elements of Agricultural Chemistry|Thomas Anderson
By the fourteenth amendment to the federal constitution their rights and privileges have been further secured.