nirvana

[nir-vah-nuh, -van-uh, ner-]
See more synonyms for nirvana on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. (often initial capital letter) Pali nibbana. Buddhism. freedom from the endless cycle of personal reincarnations, with their consequent suffering, as a result of the extinction of individual passion, hatred, and delusion: attained by the Arhat as his goal but postponed by the Bodhisattva.
  2. (often initial capital letter) Hinduism. salvation through the union of Atman with Brahma; moksha.
  3. a place or state characterized by freedom from or oblivion to pain, worry, and the external world.

Origin of nirvana

First recorded in 1830–40, nirvana is from the Sanskrit word nirvāṇa
Related formsnir·va·nic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


British Dictionary definitions for nirvanic

nirvana

noun
  1. Buddhism Hinduism final release from the cycle of reincarnation attained by extinction of all desires and individual existence, culminating (in Buddhism) in absolute blessedness, or (in Hinduism) in absorption into Brahman
Derived Formsnirvanic, adjective

Word Origin for nirvana

C19: from Sanskrit: extinction, literally: a blowing out, from nir- out + vāti it blows
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for nirvanic

nirvana

n.

1836, from Sanskrit nirvana-s "extinction, disappearance" (of the individual soul into the universal), literally "to blow out, a blowing out" ("not transitively, but as a fire ceases to draw;" a literal Latinization would be de-spiration), from nis-, nir- "out" + va- "to blow" (see wind (n.1)). Figurative sense of "perfect bliss" is from 1895.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

nirvanic in Culture

nirvana

[(neer-vah-nuh, nur-vah-nuh)]

In Buddhism, the highest state of consciousness, in which the soul is freed from all desires and attachments. Nirvana is sometimes inaccurately used as a synonym for heaven or paradise.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.