[noun nahy-treyt, -trit; verb nahy-treyt]
Chemistry. a salt or ester of nitric acid, or any compound containing the univalent group –ONO2 or NO3.
verb (used with object), ni·trat·ed, ni·trat·ing.
to convert into a nitrate.
Origin of nitrate
Related formsni·tra·tion, noun
First recorded in 1785–95; nitr-
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for nitrate
Historical Examples of nitrate
British Dictionary definitions for nitrate
any salt or ester of nitric acid, such as sodium nitrate, NaNO 3
a fertilizer consisting of or containing nitrate salts
Derived Formsnitration, noun
(tr) to treat with nitric acid or a nitrate
to convert or be converted into a nitrate
to undergo or cause to undergo the chemical process in which a nitro group is introduced into a molecule
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for nitrate
1794, from French nitrate (1787) or formed in English from nitre + -ate (3). Related: Nitrates.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
The univalent radical NO3.
A compound containing such a radical, such as a salt or ester of nitric acid.
To treat with nitric acid or a nitrate, usually to change an organic compound into a nitrate.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the group NO3. Nitrates dissolve extremely easily in water and are an important component of the nitrogen cycle. Compare nitrite.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.