- a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which the nitro group is present: nitroglycerin.
Also especially before a vowel, nitr-.
Origin of nitro-
combining form of Greek nítron. See niter
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
before a vowel nitr-
- indicating that a chemical compound contains a nitro group, -NO 2nitrobenzene
- indicating that a chemical compound is a nitrate esternitrocellulose
Word Origin for nitro-
from Greek nitron natron
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
before vowels nitr-, word-forming element used scientifically and indicating "nitrogen, nitrate" or "nitric acid," from comb. form of Greek nitron (see nitre).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- Nitrate; nitrogen:nitrogenase.
- Containing the univalent radical NO2:nitrous.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.