Nobel prize

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any of various awards made annually, beginning in 1901, from funds originally established by Alfred B. Nobel for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, medicine or physiology, literature, and the promotion of peace; an annual award in economics was established in 1969 from private funds.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022


What is the Nobel Prize?

The Nobel Prize is an award given annually for outstanding achievement in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine or physiology, literature, and economics, and for the promotion of peace.

It is widely considered one of the most prestigious awards in these fields.

Each specific award is referred to with the name of the field it was awarded in, as in the Nobel Prize in Physics. The Nobel Prize awarded for the promotion of peace is popularly called the Nobel Peace Prize. 

Recipients of the prize are known as Nobel laureates (or, less commonly, Nobelists). They receive a medal and a sizable cash prize.

The recipients are chosen by an international committee based in Sweden, with the exception of the peace prize, which is awarded in Oslo by a committee of the Norwegian parliament.

The prize is named after its founder, Alfred Nobel, who established the prizes in his will to be awarded to “to those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.”

When is the Nobel Prize announced?

The 2022 Nobel Prize winners will be announced at the beginning of October. The 2022 Nobel Prize presentation ceremony will be held on December 10.

The ceremony is usually always held on this day, which is the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death.

More information and context on the Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize is named after Alfred Nobel, a Swedish chemist, inventor, and entrepreneur. He is best remembered for establishing the Nobel Prize and for inventing dynamite (among many other things).

The Nobel Prizes were established in 1901 but first awarded in 1910. Nobel’s will dictates that the awards be given out in his native Sweden, with the exception of the peace prize, which is awarded in Norway.

The economics prize was not one of the original prizes stipulated by Nobel’s will. It was established 1968 with private funds and is formally called the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel.

Notable winners of the Nobel Prize include Marie Curie (the first Nobel laureate to win twice—for physics in 1903 and for chemistry prize in 1911), Albert Einstein (physics; 1921), Martin Luther King, Jr. (peace; 1964), and Malala Yousafzai (peace; 2014), among many others.

What are some terms that often get used in discussing the Nobel Prize?

How is Nobel Prize discussed in real life?

The Nobel Prize is widely regarded as one of the most prestigious honors in the world. The Nobel Peace Prize is the best known of the prizes.



Try using Nobel Prize!

True or False?

The Nobel Prizes are all presented in Sweden.

How to use Nobel prize in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for Nobel prize

Nobel prize

a prize for outstanding contributions to chemistry, physics, physiology or medicine, literature, economics, and peace that may be awarded annually. It was established in 1901, the prize for economics being added in 1969. The recipients are chosen by an international committee centred in Sweden, except for the peace prize which is awarded in Oslo by a committee of the Norwegian parliament
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012