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View synonyms for Einstein

Einstein

[ ahyn-stahyn; German ahyn-shtahyn ]

noun

  1. Al·bert [al, -bert, ahl, -be, r, t], 1879–1955, German physicist, U.S. citizen from 1940: formulator of the theory of relativity; Nobel Prize 1921.
  2. Al·fred [al, -frid, ahl, -f, r, et], 1880–1952, German musicologist in U.S.
  3. (lowercase) Physics, Chemistry. a unit of radiant energy, equal to the energy of radiation that is capable of photochemically changing one mol of a photosensitive substance.


Einstein

/ ˈaɪnstaɪn /

noun

  1. EinsteinAlbert18791955MUSGermanSCIENCE: physicistSCIENCE: mathematician Albert. 1879–1955, US physicist and mathematician, born in Germany. He formulated the special theory of relativity (1905) and the general theory of relativity (1916), and made major contributions to the quantum theory, for which he was awarded the Nobel prize for physics in 1921. He was noted also for his work for world peace


Einstein

/ īnstīn′ /

  1. German-born American theoretical physicist whose theories of Special Relativity (1905) and General Relativity (1916) revolutionized modern thought on the nature of space and time and formed a theoretical base for the exploitation of atomic energy. He won the 1921 Nobel Prize for physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.


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Derived Forms

  • Einˈsteinian, adjective
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Biography

By around 1900, the increased precision of new measuring instruments had shown that the laws of motion and gravity established by Galileo and Newton were unable to explain certain phenomena. The observed orbit of Mercury, for example, differed slightly from that predicted by Newton, and laws describing the motion of electromagnetic waves left many electrical effects unexplained. In 1905, an unknown 26-year-old patent office clerk named Albert Einstein published four papers that not only solved these problems, but revolutionized physics. The first two presented his Special Theory of Relativity, which departed from the classical Newtonian concepts of space and time in its assertion that all reference frames (all coordinate systems) do not measure space and time equivalently. That is, space and time are not the same throughout the universe, but depend on the motion of the observer. But for Einstein, not everything was relative. Following the electromagnetic theory of Maxwell, Einstein argued that the speed of light is the same for all observers, and introduced a new concept of space-time to reconcile this with concepts of relative motion. He also introduced the famous equation expressing a direct relation between mass and energy, E = mc 2, known as mass-energy equivalence. A third paper analyzed electromagnetic radiation such as light in terms of particles called photons, and explained how some substances, when exposed to such radiation, eject electrons in a quantum process called the photoelectric effect. A fourth paper explained the random movement of particles suspended in a fluid, now known as Brownian motion. In 1916, in his General Theory of Relativity, Einstein described gravity as a warping of space-time (as opposed to Newton's force) caused by the mere presence of objects possessing mass. Einstein's new conception of gravity correctly predicted Mercury's observed orbit, and his work on photons led to a more accurate description of electromagnetic radiation. In his later years, Einstein devoted himself to a search for a theory that would unify gravity with the other three fundamental forces in nature: the strong force, the electromagnetic force, and the weak force. This search is still ongoing.
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Example Sentences

Instead, Einstein presented space and time as a unified fabric distorted by mass and energy.

A few years before his death, Einstein said of thermodynamics, “It is the only physical theory of universal content which I am convinced that, within the framework of applicability of its basic concepts, will never be overthrown.”

The CRM giant could leverage MuleSoft to access data wherever it lived, and when you put the two mega deals together, you could see how you could visualize that data and also give more fuel to its Einstein intelligence layer.

A final or ultimate equation, describing the laws of nature and the origin of the cosmos, Einstein believed, could not involve chance intrinsically.

It struck a chord with Einstein—later, when his sister Maja lay dying, he would read it to her.

Efforts to resuscitate her failed and she was pronounced dead at nearby Albert Einstein Medical Center.

But after a while, the edit wars ended, and the article no longer had Einstein going to Albania.

When Albert Einstein died at a Princeton hospital in April 1955, he left behind specific instructions: burn everything.

Einstein understood this; so do the people running Google and lots of other innovative endeavors.

Arik Einstein is the very heart of Israeli culture, and Israel will never again see his like.

Einstein was the only thinker in a century gone mad from bickering.

Isn't an electronic spy with a brain like Einstein's good enough?

You disclaim the crass and vulgar mechanical details and emphasize that you are like Einstein, dealing in theoretic physics only.

He dashed into the little house when they reached Einstein, and his first glance confirmed what George Lynn had said.

Haven't you read the news-paper accounts of Einstein's researches and of others who have delved into the theory of relativity?

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einkornEinstein, Albert