pandour

[ pan-door ]
/ ˈpæn dʊər /

noun

History/Historical. a member of a local militia in Croatia, formed as a regiment in the Austrian army in the 18th century and noted for its ruthlessness and cruelty.
a brutal, marauding soldier.

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Origin of pandour

1740–50; <French pandour(e) ≪ Serbo-Croatian pàndūr community or city policeman, pandour, probably <Hungarian pandúr<Slavic *pǫdarĭ (>Serbo-Croatian pùdār one who guards a vineyard), derivative of *pǫditi to drive off, frighten; the Serbo-Croatian variant bàndūr (17th century) may result from crossing with Medieval Latin banderia or Italian bandiera troop, literally, banner
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for pandour

British Dictionary definitions for pandour

pandour
/ (ˈpændʊə) /

noun

one of an 18th-century force of Croatian soldiers in the Austrian service, notorious for their brutality

Word Origin for pandour

C18: via French from Hungarian pandur, from Croat: guard, probably from Medieval Latin banderius summoner, from bannum ban 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012