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pandour

[pan-doo r]
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noun
  1. History/Historical. a member of a local militia in Croatia, formed as a regiment in the Austrian army in the 18th century and noted for its ruthlessness and cruelty.
  2. a brutal, marauding soldier.
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Origin of pandour

1740–50; < French pandour(e) ≪ Serbo-Croatian pàndūr community or city policeman, pandour, probably < Hungarian pandúr < Slavic *pǫdarĭ (> Serbo-Croatian pùdār one who guards a vineyard), derivative of *pǫditi to drive off, frighten; the Serbo-Croatian variant bàndūr (17th century) may result from crossing with Medieval Latin banderia or Italian bandiera troop, literally, banner
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for pandour

Historical Examples

  • So on we went with the horse—I was in his Pandour regiment, worse luck!

    Micah Clarke

    Arthur Conan Doyle

  • The Dolphin and Pandour had previously anchored on the north shore.

    Our Sailors

    W.H.G. Kingston

  • Here, Tommy, will you have your Pandour with whiskers or without?

  • He is the only heir of the pandour chieftain, Franz von Trenck.

  • I am the Pandour of Pandours—your correspondent, and now your cabinet counsellor.


British Dictionary definitions for pandour

pandour

noun
  1. one of an 18th-century force of Croatian soldiers in the Austrian service, notorious for their brutality
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Word Origin

C18: via French from Hungarian pandur, from Croat: guard, probably from Medieval Latin banderius summoner, from bannum ban 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012