[pan-thee-on, -uh n or, esp. British, pan-thee-uh n]


a domed circular temple at Rome, erected a.d. 120–124 by Hadrian, used as a church since a.d.
(lowercase) a public building containing tombs or memorials of the illustrious dead of a nation.
(lowercase) the place of the heroes or idols of any group, individual, movement, party, etc., or the heroes or idols themselves: to earn a place in the pantheon of American literature.
(lowercase) a temple dedicated to all the gods.
(lowercase) the gods of a particular mythology considered collectively.

Origin of Pantheon

1375–1425; late Middle English panteon < Latin Panthēon < Greek Pántheion, noun use of neuter of pántheios of all gods, equivalent to pan- pan- + the(ós) god + -ios adj. suffix
Related formspan·the·on·ic, adjective




a national monument in Paris, France, used as a sepulcher for eminent French persons, begun in 1764 by Soufflot as the church of Ste. Geneviève and secularized in 1885.
Also called Panthéon Fran·çais [frahn-se] /frɑ̃ˈsɛ/. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for pantheon



(esp in ancient Greece or Rome) a temple to all the gods
all the gods collectively of a religion
a monument or building commemorating a nation's dead heroes

Word Origin for pantheon

C14: via Latin from Greek Pantheion, from pan- + -theios divine, from theos god



a circular temple in Rome dedicated to all the gods, built by Agrippa in 27 bc, rebuilt by Hadrian 120–24 ad, and used since 609 ad as a Christian church
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pantheon

c.1300, from Pantheon, name of a temple for all the gods built in Rome c.25 B.C.E. by Agrippa (since 609 C.E. made into the Christian church of Santa Maria Rotonda), from Greek Pantheion (hieron) "(shrine) of all the gods," from pantheion, neuter of pantheios, from pan- "all" (see pan-) + theios "of or for the gods," from theos "god" (see Thea). Sense of any group of exalted persons is first found 1590s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper