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performative

[ per-fawr-muh-tiv ]
/ pərˈfɔr mə tɪv /
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adjective Philosophy, Linguistics.

(of an expression or statement) performing an act by the very fact of being uttered, as with the expression “I promise,” that performs the act of promising.

noun

a performative utterance.

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Question 1 of 7
The rainy weather could not ________ my elated spirits on my graduation day.
Compare constative.

Origin of performative

First recorded in 1950–55; perform + -ative
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for performative

performative
/ (pəˈfɔːmətɪv) /

adjective linguistics philosophy

  1. denoting an utterance that constitutes some act, esp the act described by the verb. For example, I confess that I was there is itself a confession, and so is performative in the narrower sense, while I'd like you to meet … (effecting an introduction) is performative only in the looser senseSee also locutionary act, illocution, perlocution
  2. (as noun)that sentence is a performative
  1. denoting a verb that may be used as the main verb in such an utterance
  2. (as noun)``promise'' is a performative
performatively, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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