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pidgin

[ pij-uh n ]
/ ˈpɪdʒ ən /
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noun

an auxiliary language that has come into existence through the attempts by the speakers of two different languages to communicate and that is primarily a simplified form of one of the languages, with a reduced vocabulary and grammatical structure and considerable variation in pronunciation.
(loosely) any simplified or broken form of a language, especially when used for communication between speakers of different languages.

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RELATED WORDS

patois, argot, vernacular, jargon, lingo, neologism, patter, vulgarity, vulgarism, cant, colloquialism, shoptalk, creole

Nearby words

pid, piddle, piddling, piddock, pidgeon, pidgin, pidgin english, pidgin sign english, pidginize, pidyon haben, pie

Origin of pidgin

First recorded in 1875–80; extracted from pidgin English
Also called contact language.
Can be confusedpidgin pigeon
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for pidgin

pidgin

/ (ˈpɪdʒɪn) /

noun

a language made up of elements of two or more other languages and used for contacts, esp trading contacts, between the speakers of other languages. Unlike creoles, pidgins do not constitute the mother tongue of any speech community

Word Origin for pidgin

C19: perhaps from Chinese pronunciation of English business
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pidgin

pidgin


n.

1876, from pigeon English (1859), the reduced form of the language used in China for communication with Europeans, from pigeon (1826), itself a pidgin word, representing a Chinese pronunciation of business. Meaning extended 1891 to "any simplified language."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper