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plateau

[pla-toh or, esp. British, plat-oh]
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noun, plural pla·teaus, pla·teaux [pla-tohz or, esp. British, plat-ohz] /plæˈtoʊz or, esp. British, ˈplæt oʊz/.
  1. a land area having a relatively level surface considerably raised above adjoining land on at least one side, and often cut by deep canyons.
  2. a period or state of little or no growth or decline: to reach a plateau in one's career.
  3. Psychology. a period of little or no apparent progress in an individual's learning, marked by an inability to increase speed, reduce number of errors, etc., and indicated by a horizontal stretch in a learning curve or graph.
  4. a flat stand, as for a centerpiece, sometimes extending the full length of a table.
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verb (used without object), pla·teaued, pla·teau·ing.
  1. to reach a state or level of little or no growth or decline, especially to stop increasing or progressing; remain at a stable level of achievement; level off: After a period of uninterrupted growth, sales began to plateau.
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verb (used with object), pla·teaued, pla·teau·ing.
  1. to cause to remain at a stable level, especially to prevent from rising or progressing: Rising inflation plateaued sales income.
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Origin of plateau

1785–95; < French; Old French platel flat object, diminutive of plat plate1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for plateau

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • We drive on for a mile or two till we reach the summit of the plateau.

    The Roof of France

    Matilda Betham-Edwards

  • The drive from Mende to the plateau of Sauveterre is a curious experience.

    The Roof of France

    Matilda Betham-Edwards

  • On the Dana plateau, for example, by the expenditure of 32 hours of labour 48 cwt.

    Freeland

    Theodor Hertzka

  • The third is found at the point called the Plateau of Hyena.

  • I saw, too, that plateau on the other side, of which I had heard; later I explored it.

    The First Violin

    Jessie Fothergill


British Dictionary definitions for plateau

plateau

noun plural -eaus or -eaux (-əʊz)
  1. a wide mainly level area of elevated land
  2. a relatively long period of stability; levelling offthe rising prices reached a plateau
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verb (intr)
  1. to remain at a stable level for a relatively long period
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Word Origin

C18: from French, from Old French platel something flat, from plat flat; see plate

Plateau

noun
  1. a state of central Nigeria, formed in 1976 from part of Benue-Plateau State: tin mining. Capital: Jos. Pop: 3 178 712 (2006). Area: 30 913 sq km (11 936 sq miles)
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for plateau

n.

1796, "elevated tract of relatively level land," from French plateau "table-land," from Old French platel (12c.) "flat piece of metal, wood, etc.," diminutive of plat "flat surface or thing," noun use of adjective plat "flat, stretched out" (12c.), perhaps from Vulgar Latin *plattus, from Greek platys "flat, wide, broad" (see plaice). Meaning "stage at which no progress is apparent" is attested from 1897, originally in psychology of learning. In reference to sexual stimulation from 1960.

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v.

1952, from plateau (n.). Related: Plateaued; plateauing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

plateau in Science

plateau

[plă-tō]
  1. An elevated, comparatively level expanse of land. Plateaus make up about 45 percent of the Earth's land surface.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.