[ poh-luhnd ]


  1. a republic in eastern central Europe, on the Baltic Sea. About 121,000 sq. mi. (313,400 sq. km). : Warsaw.


/ ˈpəʊlənd /


  1. a republic in central Europe, on the Baltic: first united in the 10th century; dissolved after the third partition effected by Austria, Russia, and Prussia in 1795; re-established independence in 1918; invaded by Germany in 1939; ruled by a Communist government from 1947 to 1989, when a multiparty system was introduced; joined the EU in 2004. It consists chiefly of a low undulating plain in the north, rising to a low plateau in the south, with the Sudeten and Carpathian Mountains along the S border. Official language: Polish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: złoty. Capital: Warsaw. Pop: 38 383 809 (2013 est). Area: 311 730 sq km (120 359 sq miles) Polish namePolska


  1. Republic in central Europe , bordered by the Baltic Sea and Russia to the north, Lithuania to the northeast, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, The Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, and Germany to the west. Its capital and largest city is Warsaw.

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In 1952, Poland became a people's republic on the Soviet model.
During World War II, about six million Poles, including three million Jews (see also Jews ), died from German massacres, starvation, and execution in concentration camps such as Auschwitz .
Poland joined NATO in 1999.
Poland was a great power from the fourteenth through the seventeenth centuries, but in the eighteenth century it was partitioned three times among Austria , Prussia , and Russia. It was again recognized as an independent state in 1919.
In 1989, Solidarity-backed candidates swept to victory in free elections, but Solidarity subsequently declined sharply as a political force.
The Solidarity movement, which demanded greater worker control in Poland, emerged in the early 1980s as one of the first signs of popular discontent with single-party rule and the communist economic system.
The invasion of Poland by Germany in 1939 precipitated World War II .
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Example Sentences

During his studies in Poland, he confessed to his father that he was lonely.

Poland embraced the Katyn Memorial as a symbol of Polish identity, when in fact it was something slightly different—it was a symbol of Polish-American identity.

From Time

Fears are rising that Europe is running out of chances to control the new outbreak, as infections hit record daily highs in Germany, the Czech Republic, Italy and Poland.

From Fortune

The ability to get an accurate measurement of the air quality in their home city of Krakow, Poland is what drove the team of engineers that launched Airly to start their business.

Belarus borders Poland, Poland is a NATO member, and NATO has forward deployed five battalions — three to the Baltics and two in Poland.

From Ozy

We do see that a few European countries have them on the books: Germany, Poland, Italy, Ireland, a couple more.

My coworker from Poland told me about plackis, which are essentially the same thing as latkes without the Chanukah story.

The images come from Poland; successful immigrants to America returned with 16mm cameras to film their relatives and shtetls.

The history of Poland teaches us that peace in the world is not a given.

This mood only began to change after the Nazi blitzkrieg of Poland drew Britain into the Second World War.

By the beginning of November the theatre of war was virtually transferred from Prussia to Poland.

Poland has been the true object; and, to cover the substantial seizures there, has been the trick of the French invasion.

Ladislaus IV, king of Poland, died, aged 80; universally respected for all those virtues which should grace a throne.

Organisation was his first work, and his former experience of irregular warfare in Poland stood him in good stead.

General Diebitsch, commander of the Russian forces in Poland, died, by the official accounts of cholera; it is supposed by poison.





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