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pretrial

[pree-trahy-uh l, -trahyl]
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noun
  1. a proceeding held by a judge, arbitrator, etc., before a trial to simplify the issues of law and fact and stipulate certain matters between the parties, in order to expedite justice and curtail costs at the trial.
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adjective
  1. of or relating to such a proceeding.
  2. done, occurring, etc., prior to a trial: pretrial publicity.
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Origin of pretrial

First recorded in 1935–40; pre- + trial
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Word Origin and History for pretrial

n.

"preliminary hearing before a trial," 1938, American English, from pre- + trial.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper