pretrial

[pree-trahy-uh l, -trahyl]
noun
  1. a proceeding held by a judge, arbitrator, etc., before a trial to simplify the issues of law and fact and stipulate certain matters between the parties, in order to expedite justice and curtail costs at the trial.
adjective
  1. of or relating to such a proceeding.
  2. done, occurring, etc., prior to a trial: pretrial publicity.

Origin of pretrial

First recorded in 1935–40; pre- + trial
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Word Origin and History for pretrial
n.

"preliminary hearing before a trial," 1938, American English, from pre- + trial.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper