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prolepsis

[proh-lep-sis]
noun, plural pro·lep·ses [proh-lep-seez] /proʊˈlɛp siz/.
  1. Rhetoric. the anticipation of possible objections in order to answer them in advance.
  2. the assigning of a person, event, etc., to a period earlier than the actual one; the representation of something in the future as if it already existed or had occurred; prochronism.
  3. the use of a descriptive word in anticipation of its becoming applicable.
  4. a fundamental conception or assumption in Epicureanism or Stoicism arising spontaneously in the mind without conscious reflection; thought provoked by sense perception.
  5. Pathology. the return of an attack of a periodic disease or of a paroxysm before the expected time or at progressively shorter intervals.
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Origin of prolepsis

1570–80; < Late Latin prolēpsis < Greek prólēpsis anticipation, preconception, equivalent to prolēp- (verbid stem of prolambánein to anticipate (pro- pro-2 + lambánein to take)) + -sis -sis
Related formspro·lep·tic [proh-lep-tik] /proʊˈlɛp tɪk/, pro·lep·ti·cal, adjectivepro·lep·ti·cal·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for proleptic

Historical Examples of proleptic

  • "Hopeless is here used in a proleptic or anticipatory way" (Hales).

    Select Poems of Thomas Gray

    Thomas Gray

  • The italics are ours, but the proleptic idea is a happy invention of the author himself.

  • Is Mr. Rossetti acquainted with the proleptic use of adjectives and participles?

    Ephemera Critica

    John Churton Collins

  • The adjective is redundant and "proleptic," as the bird must be "enthralled" before it can be called "captive."

  • Proleptic: 'The flame-tips would become bright and furnish a good omen for your prayer'.


British Dictionary definitions for proleptic

prolepsis

noun plural -ses (-siːz)
  1. a rhetorical device by which objections are anticipated and answered in advance
  2. use of a word after a verb in anticipation of its becoming applicable through the action of the verb, as flat in hammer it flat
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Derived Formsproleptic, adjective

Word Origin for prolepsis

C16: via Late Latin from Greek: anticipation, from prolambanein to anticipate, from pro- ² + lambanein to take
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for proleptic

prolepsis

n.

1570s, "the taking of something anticipated as already done or existing," from Latin prolepsis, from Greek prolepsis "an anticipating," literally "a taking beforehand," from prolambanein "to take before," from pro- "before" (see pro-) + lambanein "to take" (see analemma). Related: Proleptic; proleptical; proleptically.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

proleptic in Medicine

prolepsis

(prō-lĕpsĭs)
n. pl. pro•lep•ses (-sēz)
  1. The return of paroxysms of a recurrent disease at intervals that progressively become shorter.
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Related formspro•leptic (-lĕptĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.