psyche

[ sahyk ]
/ saɪk /

verb (used with object), psyched, psych·ing.


Nearby words

  1. psych.,
  2. psychalgia,
  3. psychasthenia,
  4. psychasthenic,
  5. psychataxia,
  6. psyche knot,
  7. psychedelia,
  8. psychedelic,
  9. psychedelicize,
  10. psychiatric

Psyche

[ sahy-kee ]
/ ˈsaɪ ki /

noun

Classical Mythology. a personification of the soul, which in the form of a beautiful girl was loved by Eros.
(lowercase) the human soul, spirit, or mind.
(lowercase) Psychology, Psychoanalysis. the mental or psychological structure of a person, especially as a motive force.
Neoplatonism. the second emanation of the One, regarded as a universal consciousness and as the animating principle of the world.
a female given name.

Origin of Psyche

1650–60 for def 2; < Latin psȳchē < Greek psȳchḗ literally, breath, derivative of psȳ́chein to breathe, blow, hence, live (see psycho-)

psych

1

or psyche

[ sahyk ]
/ saɪk /

verb (used with object) Informal.

to intimidate or frighten psychologically, or make nervous (often followed by out): to psych out the competition.
to prepare psychologically to be in the right frame of mind or to give one's best (often followed by up): to psych oneself up for an interview.
to figure out psychologically; decipher (often followed by out): to psych out a problem.

Origin of psych

1
1915–20 in earlier sense “to subject to psychoanalysis”; originally a shortening of psychoanalyze; in later use (especially indefs 1, 2) perhaps independent use of psych-

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for psyche


British Dictionary definitions for psyche

psyche

/ (ˈsaɪkɪ) /

noun

the human mind or soul

Word Origin for psyche

C17: from Latin, from Greek psukhē breath, soul; related to Greek psukhein to breathe

Psyche

/ (ˈsaɪkɪ) /

noun

Greek myth a beautiful girl loved by Eros (Cupid), who became the personification of the soul

psych

psyche

/ (saɪk) /

verb

(tr) informal to psychoanalyseSee also psych out, psych up

Word Origin for psych

C20: shortened from psychoanalyse

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for psyche
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for psyche

psyche

[ sīkē ]

n.

The mind functioning as the center of thought, emotion, and behavior and consciously or unconsciously mediating the body's responses to the social and physical environment.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Culture definitions for psyche

Psyche

[ (seye-kee) ]

In Roman mythology, a beautiful girl who was visited each night in the dark by Cupid, who told her she must not try to see him. When she did try, while he was asleep, she accidentally dropped oil from her lamp on him, and he awoke and fled. After she had performed many harsh tasks set by Cupid's mother, Venus, Jupiter made her immortal, and she and Cupid were married. Her name is Greek for both “soul” and “butterfly.”

The mind, soul, or spirit, as opposed to the body. In psychology, the psyche is the center of thought, feeling, and motivation, consciously and unconsciously directing the body's reactions to its social and physical environment.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.