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ransack

[ran-sak]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to search thoroughly or vigorously through (a house, receptacle, etc.): They ransacked the house for the missing letter.
  2. to search through for plunder; pillage: The enemy ransacked the entire town.
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Origin of ransack

1200–50; Middle English ransaken < Old Norse rannsaka to search, examine (for evidence of crime), equivalent to rann house + saka search (variant of soekja to seek)
Related formsran·sack·er, nounun·ran·sacked, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for ransacker

criminal, marauder, bomber, raider, plunderer, pilferer, pillager, spoiler, executioner, savage, cancer, radiation, vandal, firebrand, poison, iconoclast, assassin, despoiler, annihilator, chemotherapy

British Dictionary definitions for ransacker

ransack

verb (tr)
  1. to search through every part of (a house, box, etc); examine thoroughly
  2. to plunder; pillage
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Derived Formsransacker, noun

Word Origin for ransack

C13: from Old Norse rann house + saka to search, seek
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ransacker

ransack

v.

mid-13c., from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse rannsaka "to pillage," literally "search the house" (especially legally, for stolen goods), from rann "house," from Proto-Germanic *rasnan (c.f. Gothic razn, Old English ærn "house;" see barn) + saka "to search," related to Old Norse soekja "seek" (see seek). Sense influenced by sack (v.). Related: Ransacked; ransacking.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper