[ ref-er-uhns, ref-ruhns ]
/ ˈrɛf ər əns, ˈrɛf rəns /


verb (used with object), ref·er·enced, ref·er·enc·ing.

Origin of reference

First recorded in 1580–90; refer + -ence

Related forms

Can be confused

allusion referencereference referral Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for reference

British Dictionary definitions for reference


/ (ˈrɛfərəns, ˈrɛfrəns) /


verb (tr)

to furnish or compile a list of references for (an academic thesis, publication, etc)
to make a reference to; refer tohe referenced Chomsky, 1956


commerce with reference toreference your letter of the 9th inst Abbreviation: re

Derived Forms

referencer, nounreferential (ˌrɛfəˈrɛnʃəl), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Idioms and Phrases with reference


see in regard (reference) to.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.