noun, plural re·frac·to·ries.
Origin of refractory
Examples from the Web for refractoriness
Five babies at different stages of refractoriness are sprawling about on this strip of floor; they make noises all the time.Things as They Are|Amy Wilson-Carmichael
Two stumbling-blocks were to be steered clear of:—the scruples of the Jewish converts, and the refractoriness of the Gentiles.Not Paul, But Jesus|Jeremy Bentham
And he only gave way after Bartek's refractoriness also had been softened by unusual eloquence on Porankiewicz's part.More Tales by Polish Authors|Various
Since all resistance is useless, I lay down my arms although after relapses into refractoriness.Legends|August Strindberg
I considered them, therefore, as beings influenced by the most deplorable obduracy and refractoriness of spirit.The Devil's Elixir|E. T. A. Hoffmann
British Dictionary definitions for refractoriness
noun plural -ries
Word Origin for refractory
Word Origin and History for refractoriness
"stubborn, obstinate, perverse," 1610s (earlier refractorious, 1550s, refractary, c.1600), from Latin refractarius "obstinate, stubborn," from past participle stem of refringere (see refraction). Related: Refractorily; refractoriness.