an act or instance of interpretation, rendition, or depiction, as of a dramatic part or a musical composition: her rendering of the part of Hedda.
a translation: Chapman's rendering of Homer.
a representation of a building, interior, etc., executed in perspective and usually done for purposes of presentation.
Building Trades. render1(def 23).

Origin of rendering

1400–50; late Middle English (gerund); see render1, -ing1



verb (used with object)

to cause to be or become; make: to render someone helpless.
to do; perform: to render a service.
to furnish; provide: to render aid.
to exhibit or show (obedience, attention, etc.).
to present for consideration, approval, payment, action, etc., as an account.
to return; to make (a payment in money, kind, or service) as by a tenant to a superior: knights rendering military service to the lord.
to pay as due (a tax, tribute, etc.).
to deliver formally or officially; hand down: to render a verdict.
to translate into another language: to render French poems into English.
to represent; depict, as in painting: to render a landscape.
to represent (a perspective view of a projected building) in drawing or painting.
to bring out the meaning of by performance or execution; interpret, as a part in a drama or a piece of music.
to use the processing power of computer hardware and software to synthesize (the components of an image or animation) in a final graphic output.
to give in return or requital: to render good for evil.
to give back; restore (often followed by back).
to send (a suspected criminal) abroad; subject to rendition(def 4).
to give up; surrender.
Building Trades. to cover (masonry) with a first coat of plaster.
to melt down; extract the impurities from by melting: to render fat.
to process, as for industrial use: to render livestock carcasses.

verb (used without object)

to provide due reward.
to try out oil from fat, blubber, etc., by melting.


Building Trades. a first coat of plaster for a masonry surface.

Origin of render

1275–1325; Middle English rendren < Middle French rendre < Vulgar Latin *rendere, alteration (formed by analogy with prendere to take) of Latin reddere ‘to give back’, equivalent to red- red- + -dere, combining form of dare ‘to give’
Related formsren·der·a·ble, adjectiveren·der·er, nounun·ren·der·a·ble, adjectiveun·ren·dered, adjectivewell-ren·dered, adjective

Synonyms for render Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for rendering

Contemporary Examples of rendering

Historical Examples of rendering

  • In the air a faint haze swam, rendering the distances opalescent.

    The Black Bag

    Louis Joseph Vance

  • Another cause was rendering Roland's life not the most peaceful one.

    The Channings

    Mrs. Henry Wood

  • A look that was surely a look of fear came into his face, rendering it new to Hermione.

    A Spirit in Prison

    Robert Hichens

  • Was there aught else in art than the rendering of what one felt within oneself?

    His Masterpiece

    Emile Zola

  • They had ended by rendering each other all sorts of services at the Hotel Boncoeur.


    Emile Zola

British Dictionary definitions for rendering



the act or an instance of performing a play, piece of music, etc
a translation of a text from a foreign language
Also called: rendering coat, render a coat of plaster or cement mortar applied to a surface
a perspective drawing showing an architect's idea of a finished building, interior, etc


verb (tr)

to present or submit (accounts, etc) for payment, approval, or action
to give or provide (aid, charity, a service, etc)
to show (obedience), as due or expected
to give or exchange, as by way of return or requitalto render blow for blow
to cause to becomegrief had rendered him simple-minded
to deliver (a verdict or opinion) formally
to portray or depict (something), as in painting, music, or acting
computing to use colour and shading to make a digital image look three-dimensional and solid
to translate (something) into another language or form
(sometimes foll by up) to yield or givethe tomb rendered up its secret
(often foll by back) to return (something); give back
to cover the surface of (brickwork, stone, etc) with a coat of plaster
(often foll by down) to extract (fat) from (meat) by melting
  1. to reeve (a line)
  2. to slacken (a rope, etc)
history (of a feudal tenant) to make (payment) in money, goods, or services to one's overlord


a first thin coat of plaster applied to a surface
history a payment in money, goods, or services made by a feudal tenant to his lord
Derived Formsrenderable, adjectiverenderer, noun

Word Origin for render

C14: from Old French rendre, from Latin reddere to give back (influenced by Latin prendere to grasp), from re- + dare to give
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for rendering

mid-15c., "action of restoring," verbal noun from render (v.). Meaning "a translation" is from 1640s; that of "extracting or melting of fat" is from 1792. Visual arts sense of "reproduction, representation" is from 1862.



late 14c., "repeat, say again," from Old French rendre "give back, present, yield" (10c.), from Vulgar Latin *rendere (formed by dissimilation or on analogy of its antonym, prendre "to take"), from Latin reddere "give back, return, restore," from red- "back" (see re-) + comb. form of dare "to give" (see date (n.1)).

Meaning "hand over, deliver" is recorded from late 14c.; "to return" (thanks, a verdict, etc.) is attested from late 15c.; meaning "represent, depict" is first attested 1590s. Irregular retention of -er in a French verb in English is perhaps to avoid confusion with native rend (v.) or by influence of a Middle English legalese noun render "a payment of rent," from French noun use of the infinitive. Related: Rendered; rendering.



1580s, agent noun from rend (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper