verb (used with object)

verb (used without object)

to provide due reward.
to try out oil from fat, blubber, etc., by melting.


Building Trades. a first coat of plaster for a masonry surface.

Origin of render

1275–1325; Middle English rendren < Middle French rendre < Vulgar Latin *rendere, alteration (formed by analogy with prendere to take) of Latin reddere ‘to give back’, equivalent to red- red- + -dere, combining form of dare ‘to give’
Related formsren·der·a·ble, adjectiveren·der·er, nounun·ren·der·a·ble, adjectiveun·ren·dered, adjectivewell-ren·dered, adjective

Synonyms for render




a person or thing that rends or tears something apart forcefully or violently.

Origin of render

First recorded in 1580–90; rend + -er1 Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for render

Contemporary Examples of render

Historical Examples of render

  • All have done their duty well, and to them also I desire to render my thanks.

  • If I can render any assistance in making these inquiries, I will.

    Life in London

    Edwin Hodder

  • My field of labor was my own heart, which I endeavored to render pure in the sight of God.

    Biography of a Slave

    Charles Thompson

  • It is not a thing for which one can render formal thanks in formal words.

    De Profundis

    Oscar Wilde

  • A complete system of drainage is needed to render the work complete.

    In the Heart of Vosges

    Matilda Betham-Edwards

British Dictionary definitions for render


verb (tr)

to present or submit (accounts, etc) for payment, approval, or action
to give or provide (aid, charity, a service, etc)
to show (obedience), as due or expected
to give or exchange, as by way of return or requitalto render blow for blow
to cause to becomegrief had rendered him simple-minded
to deliver (a verdict or opinion) formally
to portray or depict (something), as in painting, music, or acting
computing to use colour and shading to make a digital image look three-dimensional and solid
to translate (something) into another language or form
(sometimes foll by up) to yield or givethe tomb rendered up its secret
(often foll by back) to return (something); give back
to cover the surface of (brickwork, stone, etc) with a coat of plaster
(often foll by down) to extract (fat) from (meat) by melting
  1. to reeve (a line)
  2. to slacken (a rope, etc)
history (of a feudal tenant) to make (payment) in money, goods, or services to one's overlord


a first thin coat of plaster applied to a surface
history a payment in money, goods, or services made by a feudal tenant to his lord
Derived Formsrenderable, adjectiverenderer, noun

Word Origin for render

C14: from Old French rendre, from Latin reddere to give back (influenced by Latin prendere to grasp), from re- + dare to give
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for render

late 14c., "repeat, say again," from Old French rendre "give back, present, yield" (10c.), from Vulgar Latin *rendere (formed by dissimilation or on analogy of its antonym, prendre "to take"), from Latin reddere "give back, return, restore," from red- "back" (see re-) + comb. form of dare "to give" (see date (n.1)).

Meaning "hand over, deliver" is recorded from late 14c.; "to return" (thanks, a verdict, etc.) is attested from late 15c.; meaning "represent, depict" is first attested 1590s. Irregular retention of -er in a French verb in English is perhaps to avoid confusion with native rend (v.) or by influence of a Middle English legalese noun render "a payment of rent," from French noun use of the infinitive. Related: Rendered; rendering.


1580s, agent noun from rend (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper