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scrutiny

[skroot-n-ee]
noun, plural scru·ti·nies.
  1. a searching examination or investigation; minute inquiry.
  2. surveillance; close and continuous watching or guarding.
  3. a close and searching look.
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Origin of scrutiny

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin scrūtinium the action of searching, of scrutinizing, derivative of scrūtārī to search
Related formsnon·scru·ti·ny, noun, plural non·scru·ti·nies.re·scru·ti·ny, noun, plural re·scru·ti·nies.self-scru·ti·ny, noun

Synonyms

1. See examination.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for rescrutiny

scrutiny

noun plural -nies
  1. close or minute examination
  2. a searching look
    1. (in the early Christian Church) a formal testing that catechumens had to undergo before being baptized
    2. a similar examination of candidates for holy orders
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Word Origin

C15: from Late Latin scrūtinium an investigation, from scrūtārī to search (originally referring to rag-and-bone men), from scrūta rubbish
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for rescrutiny

scrutiny

n.

early 15c., "a vote to choose someone to decide a question," from Late Latin scrutinium "a search, inquiry" (in Medieval Latin, "a mode of election by ballot"), from Latin scrutari "to examine, investigate, search," from PIE root *skreu- "to cut; cutting tool" (see shred (n.)). Meaning "close examination" first recorded c.1600. Perhaps the original notion of the Latin word is "to search through trash," via scruta (plural) "trash, rags" ("shreds"); or the original sense might be "to cut into, scratch."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper