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  1. the place, especially the house, in which a person lives or resides; dwelling place; home: Their residence is in New York City.
  2. a structure serving as a dwelling or home, especially one of large proportion and superior quality: They have a summer residence in Connecticut.
  3. the act or fact of residing: during his residence in Spain.
  4. the act of living or staying in a specified place while performing official duties, carrying on studies or research, awaiting a divorce, etc.
  5. the time during which a person resides in a place: a residence there of five years.
  6. the location of the main offices or principal center of business activity of a commercial enterprise, especially a large corporation, as registered under law.
  7. Chemistry. residence time.

Origin of residence

1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French < Medieval Latin residentia, equivalent to Latin resid(ēre) to reside + -entia -ence

Synonyms for residence

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1. habitation, domicile. 1, 2. See house. 2. mansion. 5. stay, abode, sojourn. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for residence

Contemporary Examples of residence

Historical Examples of residence

British Dictionary definitions for residence


  1. the place in which one resides; abode or home
  2. a large imposing house; mansion
  3. the fact of residing in a place or a period of residing
  4. the official house of the governor of any of various countries
  5. the state of being officially present
  6. in residence
    1. actually residentthe royal standard indicates that the Queen is in residence
    2. designating a creative artist resident for a set period at a university, college, etc, whose role is to stimulate an active interest in the subjectcomposer in residence
  7. the seat of some inherent quality, characteristic, etc
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for residence

late 14c., "act of dwelling; dwelling place," from Old French residence, from Medieval Latin residentia, from Latin residentem (nominative residens) "residing, dwelling," present participle of residere "reside" (see reside). Also borrowed into German (Residenz), Dutch (residentie).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

residence in Medicine


  1. A medical residency.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.