[res-ti-too-shuhn, -tyoo-]
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  1. reparation made by giving an equivalent or compensation for loss, damage, or injury caused; indemnification.
  2. the restoration of property or rights previously taken away, conveyed, or surrendered.
  3. restoration to the former or original state or position.
  4. Physics. the return to an original physical condition, especially after elastic deformation.

Origin of restitution

1350–1400; Middle English restitucioun < Old French restitution, restitucion < Latin restitūtiōn- (stem of restitūtiō) a rebuilding, restoration, equivalent to restitūt(us) restitute + -iōn- -ion
Related formsres·ti·tu·tive, res·ti·tu·to·ry [res-ti-too-tuh-ree, -tyoo-] /ˌrɛs tɪˈtu tə ri, -ˈtyu-/, adjectivenon·res·ti·tu·tion, nounun·res·ti·tu·tive, adjective

Synonyms for restitution

See more synonyms for on Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for restitutive


  1. the act of giving back something that has been lost or stolen
  2. law the act of compensating for loss or injury by reverting as far as possible to the position before such injury occurred
  3. the return of an object or system to its original state, esp a restoration of shape after elastic deformation
Derived Formsrestitutive or restitutory, adjective

Word Origin for restitution

C13: from Latin rēstitūtiō, from rēstituere to rebuild, from re- + statuere to set up
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for restitutive



early 14c., from Old French restitucion or directly from Latin restitutionem (nominative restitutio) "a restoring," noun of action from past participle stem of restituere "set up again, restore, rebuild, replace, revive, reinstate, re-establish," from re- "again" (see re-) + statuere "to set up," from PIE root *sta- "to stand," with derivatives meaning "place or thing that is standing" (see stet).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

restitutive in Medicine


  1. A return to or restoration of a previous state or position, especially the return of the rotated head of a fetus to its natural alignment with the body after delivery.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.