[ trans-ley-shuh n, tranz- ]
/ trænsˈleɪ ʃən, trænz- /


Nearby words

  1. transkeian,
  2. transketolation,
  3. transl.,
  4. translate,
  5. translater,
  6. translation dictionary,
  7. translation of axes,
  8. translative,
  9. translator,
  10. transliterate

Compare genetic code.

Origin of translation

1300–50; < Latin trānslātiōn- (stem of trānslātiō) a transferring, equivalent to trānslāt(us) (see translate) + -iōn- -ion; replacing Middle English translacioun < Anglo-French < Latin, as above

SYNONYMS FOR translation
2. T ranslation , paraphrase , version refer to a rewording of something. A translation is a rendering of the same ideas in a different language from the original: a translation from Greek into English. A paraphrase is a free rendering of the sense of a passage in other words, usually in the same language: a paraphrase of a poem. A version is a translation, especially of the Bible, or else an account of something illustrating a particular point of view: the Douay Version.

Related formstrans·la·tion·al, adjectivetrans·la·tion·al·ly, adverbpre·trans·la·tion, nounre·trans·la·tion, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for retranslation

British Dictionary definitions for retranslation


/ (trænsˈleɪʃən, trænz-) /


something that is or has been translated, esp a written text
the act of translating or the state of being translated
maths a transformation in which the origin of a coordinate system is moved to another position so that each axis retains the same direction or, equivalently, a figure or curve is moved so that it retains the same orientation to the axes
Derived Formstranslational, adjective

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for retranslation



mid-14c., "removal of a saint's body or relics to a new place," also "rendering of a text from one language to another," from Old French translation (12c.) or directly from Latin translationem, noun of action from past participle stem of transferre (see transfer).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for retranslation


[ trăns-lāshən, trănz- ]


The act or process of translating, especially from one language into another.
The state of being translated.
A translated version of a text.
The process by which mRNA, tRNA, and ribosomes effect the production of a protein molecule from amino acids, the specificity of synthesis being controlled by the base sequences of the mRNA.
Movement of a tooth through alveolar bone without change in axial inclination.
Related formstrans•lation•al adj.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for retranslation


[ trăns-lāshən ]

Biochemistry The process in the ribosomes of a cell by which a strand of messenger RNA directs the assembly of a sequence of amino acids to make a protein. Compare transcription.
Physics Motion of a body in which every point of the body moves parallel to and the same distance as every other point of the body.
Mathematics The changing of the coordinates of points to coordinates that are referred to new axes that are parallel to the old axes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.