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riven

[riv-uh n]
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verb
  1. a past participle of rive.
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adjective
  1. rent or split apart.
  2. split radially, as a log.
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Related formsun·riv·en, adjective

rive

[rahyv]
verb (used with object), rived, rived or riv·en, riv·ing.
  1. to tear or rend apart: to rive meat from a bone.
  2. to separate by striking; split; cleave.
  3. to rend, harrow, or distress (the feelings, heart, etc.).
  4. to split (wood) radially from a log.
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verb (used without object), rived, rived or riv·en, riv·ing.
  1. to become rent or split apart: stones that rive easily.
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Origin of rive

1225–75; Middle English riven < Old Norse rīfa to tear, split. See rift
Related formsun·rived, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for riven

rive

verb rives, riving, rived, rived or riven (ˈrɪvən) (usually passive)
  1. to split asundera tree riven by lightning
  2. to tear apartriven to shreds
  3. archaic to break (the heart) or (of the heart) to be broken
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Word Origin

C13: from Old Norse rīfa; related to Old Frisian rīva
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for riven

adj.

"split, cloven, rent," c.1300, past participle adjective from rive "to tear, rend."

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rive

v.

"tear in pieces, strike asunder," c.1200, from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse rifa "to tear apart" (cf. Swedish rifva, Danish rive "scratch, tear"), from PIE root *rei- "to scratch, tear, cut" (see riparian).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper