EXAMPLES | WORD ORIGIN noun a machine that resembles a human and does mechanical, routine tasks on command. a person who acts and responds in a mechanical, routine manner, usually subject to another's will; automaton. any machine or mechanical device that operates automatically with humanlike skill. adjective operating automatically: a robot train operating between airline terminals. Origin of robot
Czech, coined by Karel Čapek in the play R.U.R. (1920) from the base robot-, as in robota compulsory labor, robotník peasant owing such labor Related forms ro·bot·ism, noun ro·bot·ic, ro·bot·is·tic , [roh-b uh- tis-tik, -bo-] /ˌroʊ bəˈtɪs tɪk, -bɒ-/ adjective ro·bot·like, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for robotism Historical Examples of robotism Robotism is a menace more deadly, a blasphemy more foul than any Black Mass of history.
But were those cracks the fault of
robotism or were they in fact a failing inherent in Man himself? British Dictionary definitions for robotism noun any automated machine programmed to perform specific mechanical functions in the manner of a man (modifier) not controlled by man; automatic a robot pilot a person who works or behaves like a machine; automaton Southern African a set of traffic lights Derived Forms robotic, adjective robotism or robotry, noun robot-like, adjective Word Origin for robot
C20: (used in
R.U.R., a play by Karel Čapek) from Czech robota work; related to Old Slavonic rabota servitude, German Arbeit work
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for robotism n.
1923, from English translation of 1920 play "R.U.R." ("Rossum's Universal Robots"), by Karel Capek (1890-1938), from Czech
robotnik "slave," from robota "forced labor, compulsory service, drudgery," from robotiti "to work, drudge," from an Old Czech source akin to Old Church Slavonic rabota "servitude," from rabu "slave," from Old Slavic *orbu-, from PIE *orbh- "pass from one status to another" (see orphan). The Slavic word thus is a cousin to German Arbeit "work" (Old High German arabeit). According to Rawson the word was popularized by Karel Capek's play, "but was coined by his brother Josef (the two often collaborated), who used it initially in a short story."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
n. A mechanical device that sometimes resembles a human and is capable of performing a variety of often complex human tasks on command or by being programmed in advance. A machine or device that operates automatically or by remote control. A person who works mechanically without original thought, especially one who responds automatically to the commands of others.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
A machine designed to replace human beings in performing a variety of tasks, either on command or by being programmed in advance.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.